Depression and Anxiety among University Students: A Comparison between COVID-19 Pandemic Panic Period and Post-panic Period in Bangladesh


  • Gowranga Paul Department of Statistics, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Santosh, Tangail, Bangladesh
  • Mohammad Meshbahur Rahman Department of Biostatistics, National Institute of Preventive and Social Medicine, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Department of Digital Health, Biomedical Research Foundation, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Shayla Naznin Department of Statistics, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Santosh, Tangail, Bangladesh
  • Mashfiqul Chowdhury Department of Statistics, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Santosh, Tangail, Bangladesh
  • Md Jamal Uddin Department of Statistics, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh image/svg+xml



Depression, Anxiety, COVID-19 pandemic, University students, Bangladesh


BACKGROUND: In Bangladesh, the rapid spread of COVID-19 virus created a panic situation among the citizen. Specially, the psycho-emotional disorder of the university students is increasing which has not been adequately investigated.

AIM: Relating this, the study aimed to assess the psycho-emotional changes of the university students through investigating their level of depression and anxiety during panic and post-panic period of COVID-19 pandemic in Bangladesh.

METHOD: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted among the university students in Bangladesh from April to July 2020 (panic period, n = 170) and then from August to November 2020 (post-panic period, n = 170). The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9 and Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 questionnaires were used to assess the depression and anxiety levels of the students, respectively. Various univariate and multivariable statistical techniques were used to analyze the data.

RESULTS: The proportion of depression symptoms was 49.4% and 52.4% during the panic period and post-panic period, respectively. Anxiety symptoms were experienced by 38.2% of students during the panic period, and the percentage was nearly identical in the post-panic interval. In post-panic period, depression levels found a slight increase. Urban students reported significantly (p < 0.05) higher levels of depression and anxiety than their counterparts. Female students also exhibited significantly more anxiety symptoms (p < 0.002) than male. Depression symptoms significantly varied by family types and student’s place of residence.

CONCLUSIONS: This study compared the depression and anxiety symptoms of the university students during two periods of the COVID-19 pandemic. Although the difference was small, it remains an issue for the university students in Bangladesh due to the disruption to their academic lives.


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How to Cite

Paul G, Rahman MM, Naznin S, Chowdhury M, Uddin MJ. Depression and Anxiety among University Students: A Comparison between COVID-19 Pandemic Panic Period and Post-panic Period in Bangladesh. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 Jan. 2 [cited 2023 Sep. 27];10(E):52-9. Available from:



Public Health Epidemiology


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