Nutritional Status and Health Characteristics of People Living with HIV/AIDS

Authors

  • Siti Ulfah Rifa'atul Fitri Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0937-0505
  • Kusman Ibrahim Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia
  • Siti Sandra Liani Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia
  • Laili Rahayuwati Department of Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia
  • Yusshy Kurnia Herliani Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2761-1138

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2021.7607

Keywords:

HIV/AIDS, Nutritional status, Health characteristics

Abstract

Background: Diagnosis and treatment of HIV infection may impact the individual's life, including the physical aspect such as the length of HIV diagnosed, WHO stage, the ART, and the psychological aspect such as the level of stress. People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) have an increased need for energy but they have symptoms of lack of nutrition intake. Therefore, PLWHA has a risk of low nutrition status. The aims of this study were to examine the relationship between nutritional status and health characteristics among HIV/AIDS patients.

Methods: A cross-sectional analytical design was conducted among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in outpatients’ hospital. A purposive sampling method was used and the sample size was 78 respondents. Data were collected using questionnaire of were the socio-demographic, health characteristic, and nutritional status. The cross-tabulation calculations used chi-square were presented to identify the relationship between nutritional status and health characteristics.

Results: The majority of respondents had good health characteristics include the length of HIV diagnosis more than 6 months (79.5%), clinical WHO stage I (61.5%), no stress level (94.9%), and the first choice of ART (83.3%). The nutritional status reported that the majority of the respondents had normal BMI (61.5%), MUAC not at risk (>23,5 cm) (71.8%), and a moderate level of energy intake (37.2%). There were no significant associations between the nutritional status and health characteristics (p > 0.05).

Conclusion: The good condition of health characteristics among PLWHA in this study impacted the level the nutritional status.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Plum Analytics Artifact Widget Block

References

World Health Organization. Policy Brief: Consolidated Guidelines on HIV Prevention, Diagnosis, Treatment and Care for Key Populations. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2017.

CDC Directorate General, EH, Ministry of Health of Indonesia. Laporan situasi Perkembangan HIV-AIDS di Indonesia Jan- Maret 2017. Jakarta, Indonesia: Ministry of Health of Indonesia; 2018.

Zhang C, Li X, Liu Y, Zhou Y, Shen Z, Chen Y. Impacts of HIV stigma on psychosocial well-being and substance use behaviors among people living with HIV/AIDS in China: Across the life span. AIDS Educ Prev. 2018;30(2):108-19. https://doi.org/10.1521/aeap.2018.30.2.108 PMid:29688775

Ibrahim K, Kombong R, Sriati A. The difference of perceived HIV stigma between people living with HIV infection and their families. Nurse Media J Nurs. 2019;9(2):117-27. https://doi.org/10.14710/nmjn.v9i2.24256

Travaglini LE, Himelhoch SS, Fang LJ. HIV stigma and its relation to mental, physical and social health among Black women living with HIV/AIDS. AIDS Behav. 2018;22(12):3783-94. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-018-2037-1 PMid:29417351

Gebremichael DY, Hadush KT, Kebede EM, Zegeye RT. Food insecurity, nutritional status, and factors associated with malnutrition among people living with HIV/AIDS attending antiretroviral therapy at public health facilities in West Shewa Zone, Central Ethiopia. Biomed Res Int. 2018;2018:1913534. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/1913534 PMid:29854730

Colecraft E. HIV/AIDS: Nutritional implications and impact on human development. Proc Nutr Soc. 2008;67(1):109-13. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0029665108006095 PMid:18234139

Hamzeh B, Pasdar Y, Darbandi M, Majd S, Mohajeri SR. Malnutrition among patients suffering from HIV/AIDS in Kermanshah, Iran. Ann Trop Med Public Health. 2017;10(5):1210. https://doi.org/10.4103/atmph.atmph_315_17

Wicaksana R. Hubungan antara indeks massa tubuh dengan jumlah CD4 pada penderita HIV yang Mendapat Pengobatan ARV. Maj Kedokt Bandung. 2015;47(4):237-41. https://doi.org/10.15395/mkb.v47n4.623

Januraga PP, Reekie J, SKom TM, Lestari BW, Iskandar S, Wisaksana R, et al. The cascade of HIV care among key populations in Indonesia: A prospective cohort study. Lancet HIV. 2018;5(10):e560-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/s2352-3018(18)30148-6

Nyamathi AM, Shin SS, Sinha S, Carpenter CL, Garfin DR, Ramakrishnan P, et al. Sustained effect of a community-based behavioral and nutrition intervention on HIV-related outcomes among women living with HIV in rural India: A quasi-experimental trial. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2019;81(4):429-38. https://doi.org/10.1097/qai.0000000000002044 PMid:30973547

Rahayu NL, Karjadi TH, Nelwan EJ, Rumende CM. Faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan tertundanya inisiasi terapi antiretroviral pada pasien dengan infeksi human immunodeficiency virus. J Penyakit Dalam Indones. 2016;3(3):151-7. https://doi.org/10.7454/jpdi.v3i3.26

Iskandar S, de Jong CA, Hidayat T, Siregar IM, Achmad TH, van Crevel R, et al. Successful testing and treating of HIV/ AIDS in Indonesia depends on the addiction treatment modality. J Multidiscip Healthc. 2012;5:329. Mid:23293529

Sudfeld CR, Mugusi F, Muhihi A, Aboud S, Nagu TJ, Ulenga N, et al. Efficacy of vitamin D(3) supplementation for the prevention of pulmonary tuberculosis and mortality in HIV: A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Lancet HIV. 2020;7(7):e463-71. https://doi.org/10.1016/s2352-3018(20)30108-9

Thuppal SV, Jun S, Cowan A, Bailey RL. The nutritional status of HIV-infected US adults. Curr Dev Nutr. 2017;1(10):e001636. https://doi.org/10.3945/cdn.117.001636 PMid:29955683

Tesfamariam K, Baraki N, Kedir H. Pre-ART nutritional status and its association with mortality in adult patients enrolled on ART at Fiche Hospital in North Shoa, Oromia region, Ethiopia: A retrospective cohort study. BMC Res Notes. 2016;9(1):1-9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-016-2313-y PMid:27998310

Thapa R, Amatya R, Pahari DP, Bam K, Newman MS. Nutritional status and its association with quality of life among people living with HIV attending public anti-retroviral therapy sites of Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. AIDS Res Ther. 2015;12(1):14. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12981-015-0056-9 PMid:25937825

Ibrahim K, Kurnia Y, Rahayuwati L, Nurmalisa BE, Fitri SU. Hubungan antara fatigue, jumlah CD4, dan kadar hemoglobin pada pasien yang terinfeksi human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). J Keperawatan Padjadjaran. 2018;5(3):649. https://doi.org/10.24198/jkp.v5i3.649

Weldehaweria NB, Abreha EH, Weldu MG, Misgina KH. Psychosocial correlates of nutritional status among people living with HIV on antiretroviral therapy: A matched case-control study in Central zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. PLoS One. 2017;12:e0174082. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0174082 PMid:28301592

Hussen S, Belachew T, Hussein N. Nutritional status of HIV clients receiving HAART: Its implication on occurrence of opportunistic infection. Open Public Health J. 2017;10(1):208-14. https://doi.org/10.2174/1874944501710010208

Chen YN, Wall KM, Fofana K, Navarro-Colorado C. Nutrition indicators as potential predictors of AIDS-defining illnesses among ARV-naïve HIV-positive adults in Kapiri Mposhi, Zambia 2008-2009. PLoS One. 201914(7):e0219111. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0219111 PMid:31265479

Utarini GA, Sawitri AA, Merati TP. Predictors of improved nutritional status among HIV/AIDS patients who received antiretroviral therapy (ART) at Sanglah General Hospital Denpasar. Hemoglobin (Median). 2017;11(1):96. https://doi.org/10.15562/phpma.v5i2.30

Pereira M, Magno L, da Silva Gonçalves L, Dourado I. HIV infections and food insecurity among pregnant women from low-and middle-income countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis. AIDS Behav. 2021;25(10):3183-93. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-021-03280-2 PMid:33903996

Downloads

Published

2021-11-22

How to Cite

1.
Fitri SUR, Ibrahim K, Liani SS, Rahayuwati L, Herliani YK. Nutritional Status and Health Characteristics of People Living with HIV/AIDS. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2021 Nov. 22 [cited 2022 Dec. 6];9(T6):153-8. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/7607

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>