Potential Combinations of Pasak Bumi (Eurycoma longifolia Jack), Docosahexaenoic Acid, and Seluang Fish (Rasbora spp.) to Improving Oxidative Stress of Rats (Rattus norvegicus) Brain Undernutrition

Authors

  • Didik Dwi Sanyoto Department of Biomedical, Division of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, Banjarmasin, Indonesia
  • Meitria Syahadatina Noor Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, Banjarmasin, Indonesia
  • Triawanti Triawanti Department of Biochemistry and Biomolecular, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, Banjarmasin, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2022.7671

Keywords:

Oxidative stress in the brain, Undernutrition, Pasak bumi, Docosahexaenoic acid, Seluang fish

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The brain is very susceptible to damage from oxidative stress due to undernutrition. Provision of nutrients and compounds that act as antioxidants is needed to improve oxidative stress in the brain.

AIM: This study was conducted with the aim of proving the potential of the combination of pasak bumi (Eurycoma longifolia Jack), DHA, and seluang fish (Rasbora Spp.) to improve oxidative stress in the brains of undernourished rats (Rattus norvegicus).

METHODS: Once the rats were undernourished, they were divided: positive control (KP) = undernourished rats + placebo + standard feed; (P1) = undernourished rats + 70% ethanol extract of pasak bumi root (EPB) 15 mg/kg BW + standard feed; (P2) = undernourished rats + DHA 1 mg/kgBW + standard feed; (P3) = undernourished rats + EPB 15 mg/kg BW + DHA 1 mg/kg BW + standard feed; (P4) = undernourished rats + seluang fish; (P5) = undernourished rats + EPB 15 mg/kg BW + seluang fish for 5 weeks; plus 1 negative control group (KN) that is healthy rats given placebo and standard feed. The parameters included superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, catalase, peroxide (H2O2) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels. Data analysis used the Kruskall-Wallis test followed by Mann Whitney with a significance level of 95%.

RESULTS: There were significant differences in the activity of SOD (p = 0.001), catalase (p = 0.000), peroxide levels (p = 0.000), and MDA (p = 0.000) between treatments. The group that was given a combination of EPB 15 mg/kg BW and DHA 1 mg/kg BW showed better SOD and catalase activity, and lower levels of peroxide and MDA than the other groups.

CONCLUSION: The combination of 70% ethanol extract of pasak bumi 15 mg/kg BW and DHA 1 mg/kg BW has the best potential to improve brain oxidative stress in undernourished rats compared to single administration of 15 mg/kg BW EPB, DHA, or seluang fish alone.

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Published

2022-01-01

How to Cite

1.
Sanyoto DD, Syahadatina Noor M, Triawanti T. Potential Combinations of Pasak Bumi (Eurycoma longifolia Jack), Docosahexaenoic Acid, and Seluang Fish (Rasbora spp.) to Improving Oxidative Stress of Rats (Rattus norvegicus) Brain Undernutrition. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 Jan. 1 [cited 2024 Apr. 20];10(A):25-32. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/7671

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