What Should Public Health Nurses Do in the Preparedness Phase of Disaster?
Keywords:Public health, Nurses, Knowledge, Disaster nursing, Preparedness
Disasters will lead to various problems in the community that cannot be resolved through standard procedures and require the assistance of other resources. Natural and human-caused disasters have been and will continue to occur throughout the world. This event strongly encouraged the nursing profession to develop a strategic plan to address the situation, which challenges the PHNs to handle catastrophic situations. The goal of the study was to explore the perceived knowledge and skills of PHNs in disaster management. A systematic review approach was applied, sources of information derived from the literature were obtained through various methods. In this study, the knowledge and skills of the PHNs in disaster management are discussed at the disaster preparedness stage (disaster risk and population identification, including inter-agency collaboration). PHNs should always be aware and ready for future disaster occurrences by enhancing their knowledge and heightening their clinical practice skills, particularly in disaster management. In addition, the collaboration among the Health Department and other institutions is required to develop regular disaster drills between healthcare providers and communities to enhance self-awareness and preparedness regarding emergency and disaster events.
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