What Should Public Health Nurses Do in the Preparedness Phase of Disaster?


  • Ardia Putra Department of Nursing Management, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5353-7907
  • Hajjul Kamil Department of Nursing Management, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia image/svg+xml
  • Yuswardi Yuswardi Department of Nursing Management, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia image/svg+xml
  • Elly Wardani Department of Nursing Management, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia image/svg+xml




Public health, Nurses, Knowledge, Disaster nursing, Preparedness


Disasters will lead to various problems in the community that cannot be resolved through standard procedures and require the assistance of other resources. Natural and human-caused disasters have been and will continue to occur throughout the world. This event strongly encouraged the nursing profession to develop a strategic plan to address the situation, which challenges the PHNs to handle catastrophic situations. The goal of the study was to explore the perceived knowledge and skills of PHNs in disaster management. A systematic review approach was applied, sources of information derived from the literature were obtained through various methods. In this study, the knowledge and skills of the PHNs in disaster management are discussed at the disaster preparedness stage (disaster risk and population identification, including inter-agency collaboration). PHNs should always be aware and ready for future disaster occurrences by enhancing their knowledge and heightening their clinical practice skills, particularly in disaster management. In addition, the collaboration among the Health Department and other institutions is required to develop regular disaster drills between healthcare providers and communities to enhance self-awareness and preparedness regarding emergency and disaster events.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...

Plum Analytics Artifact Widget Block


Rogers B, Lawhorn E. Disaster preparedness. AAOHN J. 2007;55(5):197-207; quiz 208-9. https://doi.org/10.1177/216507990705500506 PMid:17526297 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/216507990705500506

Ranse J, Hammad K, Ranse K. Future considerations for Australian nurses and their disaster educational preparedness: A discussion. Aust J Emerg Manag. 2013;28(4):49-53.

Veenema TG. Disaster Nursing and Emergency Preparedness. 4th ed. New York: Springer Publishing Company; 2018.

Pratama AN. Aceh Earthquake and Tsunami Caused Grief in Indonesia. (In Indonesia). Kompas; 2018.

Rindrasih E. Tourist’s perceived risk and image of the destinations prone to natural disasters: The case of Bali and Yogyakarta, Indonesia. J Hum. 2018;30(2):192-203. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jh.v30i2.32239

Pascapurnama DN, Murakami A, Chagan-Yasutan H, Hattori T, Sasaki H, Egawa S. Integrated health education in disaster risk reduction: Lesson learned from disease outbreak following natural disasters in Indonesia. Int J Disaster Risk Reduc. 2018;29:94-102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2017.07.013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2017.07.013

Coyle GA, Sapnas KG, Ward-Presson K. Dealing with disaster. Nurs Manag. 2007;38(7):24-9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/01.NUMA.0000281132.18369.bd

Cole FL. The role of the nurse practitioner in disaster planning and response. Nurs Clin North Am. 2005;40(3):511-21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cnur.2005.04.007 PMid:16111996 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cnur.2005.04.007

Sultan MA, Mary PE, Grad HS. Emergency nurses readiness for disaster response an explorative study. Am Res J Nurs. 2018;4(1):1-10.

Polivka BJ, Stanley SA, Gordon D, Taulbee K, Kieffer G, McCorkle SM. Public health nursing competencies for public health surge events. Public Health Nurs. 2008;25(2):159-65. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1446.2008.00692.x PMid:18294184 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1446.2008.00692.x

Jakeway CC, LaRosa G, Cary A, Schoenfisch S. The role of public health nurses in emergency preparedness and response: A position paper of the association of state and territorial directors of nursing. Public Health Nurs. 2008;25(4):353-61. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1446.2008.00716.x PMid:18666941 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1446.2008.00716.x

Fung OW, Loke AY, Lai CK. Disaster preparedness among Hong Kong nurses. J Adv Nurs. 2008;62(6):698-703. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2008.04655.x PMid:18503654 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2008.04655.x

Fritsch K, Zang Y. The Asia Pacific emergency and disaster nursing network: Promoting the safety and resilience of communities. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2009;40:71-8.

Martono M, Satino S, Nursalam N, Efendi F, Bushy A. Indonesian nurses’ perception of disaster management preparedness. Chin J Traumatol. 2019;22(1):41-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cjtee.2018.09.002 PMid:30850325 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cjtee.2018.09.002

Husna C, Kamil H, Yahya M, Tahlil T. An intervention program to improve nurses’ competencies in disaster response: A mixed-methods study protocol. Belitung Nurs J. 2020;6(3):85-90. https://doi.org/10.33546/bnj.1081 DOI: https://doi.org/10.33546/bnj.1081

Morgan OW, Sribanditmongkol P, Perera C, Sulasmi Y, van Alphen D, Sondorp E. Mass fatality management following the South Asian tsunami disaster: Case studies in Thailand, Indonesia, and Sri Lanka. PLoS Med. 2006;3(6):e195. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.0030195 PMid:16737348 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.0030195

Schipper L, Pelling M. Disaster risk, climate change and international development: Scope for, and challenges to, integration. Disasters. 2006;30(1):19-38. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9523.2006.00304.x

O’Boyle C, Robertson C, Secor-Turner M. Public health emergencies: Nurses’ recommendations for effective actions. AAOHN J. 2006;54(8):347-53. https://doi.org/10.1177/216507990605400802 PMid:16921865 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/216507990605400802

Boatright C, McGlown KJ. Homeland security challenges in nursing practice. Nurs Clin North Am. 2005;40(3):481-97. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cnur.2005.04.003 PMid:16111994 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cnur.2005.04.003

Jennings-Sanders A. Teaching disaster nursing by utilizing the Jennings disaster nursing management model. Nurse Educ Pract. 2004;4(1):69-76. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1471-5953(03)00007-6 PMid:19038139 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1471-5953(03)00007-6

Kuntz SW, Frable P, Qureshi K, Strong LL. Association of community health nursing educators: Disaster preparedness white paper for community/public health nursing educators. Public Health Nurs. 2008;25(4):362-9. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1446.2008.00717.x PMid:18666942 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1446.2008.00717.x

Vogt V, Kulbok PA. Care of Client in Disaster Settings Community Health Nursing: Advocacy for Population Health. 5th ed. New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall; 2008. p. 759-800.

Manitoba Health. Disaster Management for the Health Sector, Guideline for Program Development Manitoba Health Disaster Management; 2002. Available from: https://terrorvictimresponse.ca/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/model.pdf [Last accessed on 2021 Aug 30].

World Health Organization. Guidelines on Disaster Management. A Compilation of Expert Guidelines on Providing Healthcare. Sri Lanka: World Health Organization; 2005.

Syukron A, Hasan N. Design of web-based outpatient information system at Puskesmas Winong. Bianglala Inform. 2015;3(1):28-34.

Adi IR, Laksmono BS. Analysis of the influence of organizational factors and individual factors on the quality of health care services study at Puskesmas Kedawung District, Sragen Regency, Central Java Province. J Ilmu Kesejahteraan Sosial. 2018;18(1):34-47.

Halpern JS, Chaffee MW. Disaster management and response. Nurs Clin North Am. 2005;40(3):13-4. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cnur.2005.04.001

Qureshi K, Gebbie KM. Disaster management. In: Veenema, editor. Disaster Nursing and Emergency Preparedness for Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Terrorism and other Hazard. 2nd ed. New York: Springer Publishing Company; 2007. p. 137-60.

Arbon P. Understanding experience in nursing. J Clin Nurs. 2004;13(2):150-7. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2702.2003.00861.x PMid:14723666 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2702.2003.00861.x

Olu O, Usman A, Kalambay K, Anyangwe S, Voyi K, Orach CG, et al. What should the African health workforce know about disasters? Proposed competencies for strengthening public health disaster risk management education in Africa. BMC Med Educ. 2018;18(1):1-10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-018-1163-9

Stanley SA, Polivka BJ, Gordon D, Taulbee K, Kieffer G, McCorkle SM. The exploresurge trail guide and hiking workshop: Discipline-specific education for public health nurses. Public Health Nurs. 2008;25(2):166-75. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1446.2008.00693.x PMid:18294185 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1446.2008.00693.x

Dyer CB, Regev M, Burnett J, Festa N, Cloyd B. SWiFT: A rapid triage tool for vulnerable older adults in disaster situations. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2008;2(S1):S45-50. https://doi.org/10.1097/DMP.0b013e3181647b81 PMid:18769267 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/DMP.0b013e3181647b81

Rothman M, Brown L. The vulnerable geriatric casualty: Medical needs of frail older adults during disasters. Generations. 2007;31(4):16-20.

Eisenman DP, Cordasco KM, Asch S, Golden JF, Glik D. Disaster planning and risk communication with vulnerable communities: Lessons from Hurricane Katrina. Am J Public Health. 2007;97 Suppl 1:S109-15. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2005.084335 PMid:17413069 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2005.084335

Magnaye B, Munoz MS, Munoz MA, Munoz RG, Muro JH. The role, preparedness and management of nurses during disasters. E-Int Sci Res J. 2011;3(4):294.

Hynes GT. (A45) When nothing is left standing: Nursling’s integral role during disaster response in Indonesia and Haiti. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2011;26(S1):S13. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X11000574

Stanley J, Chastain CA, Davies RK, Deeny PP, Etherington C, Gebbie FK, et al. Educational Competencies for Registered Nurses Responding to Mass Casualty Incidents Report Prepared for the International Nursing Coalition for Mass Casualty Education By INCMCE Competency Committee. Vol. 40. Nursing Clinics of North America; 2003 p. 453-67. Available from: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0029646505000253 [Last accessed on 2021 Sep 15].




How to Cite

Putra A, Kamil H, Yuswardi Y, Wardani E. What Should Public Health Nurses Do in the Preparedness Phase of Disaster?. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2021 Dec. 13 [cited 2024 Feb. 23];9(F):724-9. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/7675



Narrative Review Article


Most read articles by the same author(s)