The Effect of for Group Empowerment for Reducing Depression in Elderly

Authors

  • Kartinah Kartinah Department of Community and Family, Faculty of Health, University Muhammadiyah of Surakarta, Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Sumarni Sumarni Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2021.7842

Keywords:

Peer group empowerment, Depression, Elderly, Activity daily living, Elderly homes

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The number of elderly people in the world today is increasing. Indonesia is a country with an increasing number of older people who belong to the fastest in the world. The increase in the elderly population will bring consequences or problems that are quite complex given the wide range of physical deterioration, mental, and social well-experienced seniors. One of the problems in the case is mental depression. Elderly living in social homes with a background as a neglected elderly at a high risk of depression due to lack of social support. On the other hand, are physically a lot of the people who actually still quite active and have the potential to be empowered to be beneficial in the elderly active themselves and for others elderly who have obstacles on their daily activity.

AIM: The aim of the study was to determine the effect peer group empowerment (PGE) in a decrease in the level of depression in the elderly active in elderly homes Dharma Bhakti Surakarta.

METHODS: This study was quasi-experimental pre- and post-test with control group. Subjects were active elderly totaling 44 people at Dharma Bhakti Social Institutions Surakarta. The research instrument used questionnaires depression geriatric depression scale to measure level of depression, sheet monitoring the implementation of the PGE, and manual compliance procedures activity daily living elderly. Data were analyzed with the Wilcoxon test.

RESULTS: The result showed the majority of elderly before PGE actions in the intervention in the mild depression, there was 55% for interventions group and the 73% for the control group. After the action of PGE, the majority of seniors experiencing mild depression; 91% in the intervention group and 68% in the control group. Wilcoxon test results obtained Z-value of –3.937 with p = 0.000 for the intervention group and Z-value of –0.074 with p = 0.941 for the control group.

CONCLUSION: Peer group empowerment effects the decrease of depression in the elderly in elderly homes Dharma Bhakti of Surakarta.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Plum Analytics Artifact Widget Block

References

World Health Organization; 2012. Available from: https://www.google.com/search?q=prevalensi+lansia+menurt+who&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&aq=t&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&client=firefoxa &channel=fflb [Last accessed on 2021 May 25].

Depkes RI. Profil Kesehatan Indonesia 2001. Jakarta: Depkes RI; 2002.

Sumarni S. Modul Penanggulangan Depresi Lansia Secara Sosial dan Spiritual. Jogyakarta: Bagian kedokteran Jiwa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada; 2014. https://doi.org/10.19087/jveteriner.2016.17.1.7

Davidson GC, Neale JM, Kring AM. Psikologi Abnormal. Jakarta: Rajawali Press; 2010.

Yosep I. Keperawatan Jiwa, PT Refika Aditama: Bandung; 2007.

Purbowinoto SE. Pengaruh Terapi Musik Keroncong terhadap Perubahan Tingkat Depresi pada Lansia di PSTW Budi Luhur Yogyakarta; 2011. Available from: http://www.eprints.ums.ac.id/39510/ii/naskah%20publikasi.pdf [Last accessed on 2016 Nov 12]. https://doi.org/10.21927/jnki.2013.1(2).37-42

Tresnawati SE. Pola Interaksi Antar Sesama Lansia dan Lansia Dengan Petugas di PSTW; 2012. Available from: http://www.minaulauho.ac.id/skripsi.php?read=1246 [Last accessed on 2016 Nov 14].

Erlangga SW. Subyjecktive Well-Being Pada Lansia Penghuni Panti Jompo; 2010. Available from: http://www.publication.gunadarma.ac.id [Last accessed on 2016 Nov12].

Suardiman SP. Psikologi Lanjut Usia. Yogyakarta: Gajah Mada University Press; 2011.

NANDA. Nursing Diagnosis: Definition and Classification. Philadelphia, PA, USA: NANDA; 2012.

Prasetya AS, Hamid AY, Susanti H. Penurunan tingkat depresi klien lansia dengan terapi kognitifdan senam latih otak di panti wredha. J Keperawatan Indones. 2010;13(1):1-7. https://doi.org/10.7454/jki.v13i1.230

Kuswardani I, Risa P. Hubungan Antara Harga Diri dan Prestasi Belajar Fisika Siswa STM. Surakarta: Universitas Setya Budi; 2009. https://doi.org/10.23887/jjpf.v10i1.26714

Shearer NB. Health empowerment theory as a guide for practice. Geriatr Nurs. 2009;30 Suppl 2:4-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gerinurse.2009.02.003 PMid:19345857

Pfeiffer PN, Heisler M, Piette JD, Rogers MA, Valenstein M. Efficacy of peer support interventions for depression: A meta-analysis. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2011;33(1):29-36. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2010.10.002 PMid:21353125

Wulandari. (2011). Kejadian dan Tingkat Depresi pada Lanjut

Downloads

Published

2022-01-15

How to Cite

1.
Kartinah K, Sumarni S. The Effect of for Group Empowerment for Reducing Depression in Elderly. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 Jan. 15 [cited 2022 Aug. 15];9(T5):90-4. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/7842