Role of Doppler Ultrasound and Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty in Early Diagnosis and Management of Peripheral Artery Disease

Authors

  • Anggita Kantilaras Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Bantul, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8865-2622
  • Agus Widyatmoko Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Bantul, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2021.7855

Keywords:

Doppler US, Angioplasty, Peripheral arterial disease

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) denotes vascular disorder which peripheral artery’s obstruction or constriction is found. PAD with diabetic history is more susceptible to ischemic ulcer than PAD with no diabetic. The presence of Diabetes mellitus (DM) in PAD can speed up 4 times greater risk of developing Critical Limb Ischemia. In our hospital, difficulty performing extremity perfusion assessment is often found because those examinations are not available, so possibility of PAD can be missed. Therefore, optimalization use of Doppler Ultrasound (DUS) is important in our case.

AIM: The purpose of our case writing is to give information about substantial parameter of DUS in determine presence of PAD and define the role of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) in PAD. The earlier PAD discovered, faster further treatment conducted, especially PTA.

CASE REPORT: A 65-year-old female patient with intermittent left calf pain for 7 months who went to internal medicine outpatient has reported. She has history of type 2 DM and significant hyperlipidemia. On physical examination, vital signs revealed normal value. Body mass index was 28 kg/m2. Resting ankle-brachial index (ABI) measurement was 1.14 and 1.12 at the right and left dorsalis pedis, respectively. DUS showed spectral narrow, reversal flow and no clear spectral window in superficial femoral artery. There are clear spectral window, spectral narrow, and reversal flow in poplitea artery. No clear spectral window, no spectral narrow, and no reversal flow in anterior tibia artery. Clear spectral window, reversal flow, and no spectral narrow are appear in posterior tibia artery. Arteriogram of left inferior extremity showed middle part partial stenosis of anterior tibia artery. Dilatation with standard balloon for 1 min was done. After that, no stenosis in same location and she wasn’t feel calf pain again.

CONCLUSION: Compared with two other parameters, reversal flow in DUS is most important parameter to establish presence of stenosis. PTA is adequate to give revascularization stenosis in PAD.

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Published

2022-01-01

How to Cite

1.
Kantilaras A, Widyatmoko A. Role of Doppler Ultrasound and Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty in Early Diagnosis and Management of Peripheral Artery Disease. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 Jan. 1 [cited 2024 Apr. 12];9(T5):70-6. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/7855