Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media Characteristic in Secondary Hospital in Yogyakarta


  • Lilis Suryani Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medical Science and Health, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Asti Widuri Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medical Science and Health, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia



Acute respiratory infection, Allergies, Chronic suppurative otitis media, Smoking


BACKGROUND: Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is the most common ear infection that causes hearing loss and affects the quality of life worldwide.

AIM: The study aimed to describe the risk factor of CSOM patients at a private hospital in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, from March to June 2021.

METHODS: This study was an observational analytical study with a case–control design. The respondents were 55 patients with CSOM who met inclusion criteria and 56 respondents as controls. A checklist interview was conducted to determine the present and past history of diseases, and the relationship among potential risk factors was analyzed using bivariate analysis. A bivariate analysis was used to specify the odds ratios, 95% confidence intervals, and the relationship between risk factors and the incidence of CSMO.

RESULTS: The characteristic cases were as follows: Majority age over 20 years, 56% male, 47% university degree, 29% history of allergy, 25% history of acute respiratory infection, 56% complain of discharge from the ear, 31% snoring, 67% cigarette consumption, 42% earn 2–5 million rupiahs per month, and 73% of their homes are closed to health-care facilities. Four risk factors for CSOM omit this included: Education, medical history from the ear, snoring, and income per month (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSION: According to the results, the majority of CSOM patients to be treated at a private clinic in Yogyakarta were male at productive age, had university education, had no history of allergies and acute respiratory infections, and had a history of secrete from the ear, exposure to cigarettes, and median income per month.


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How to Cite

Suryani L, Widuri A. Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media Characteristic in Secondary Hospital in Yogyakarta. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 Jan. 3 [cited 2024 Feb. 23];10(T7):92-6. Available from: