Smart-bed with Internet of Things for Pressure Ulcer

Authors

  • Taryudi Taryudi Department of Electrical Engineering
  • Linlin Lindayani Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Keperawatan PPNI Jawa Barat, Bandung, Indonesia
  • Irma Darmawati Department of Nursing, Faculty of Education and Sports and Health, Univeristas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2022.7876

Keywords:

Medical bed, Medical sensors, Arduino, Stroke

Abstract

AIM: The purpose of this study was to develop prototype smart-bed based on Internet of Things that consisted of automatic patient mobilization every 2 h as well as monitoring patients. Stroke patients experience pressure sores that result in increased mortality within 30 days after a stroke. Pressure sores are injuries caused by continuous pressure. Patient mobilization is the primary prevention and treatment technique for patients with pressure sores.

METHODS: The proposed medical bed is designed to resolve both concerns through a revolutionary design that rotates the patient and offers an advanced patient monitoring system. Using an Android smartphone or tablet connected to the Arduino microcontroller through Bluetooth, the caregiver can rotate the bed in either direction to shift the pressure away from the back of the patient and to monitor the critical risk of ulcer pressure.

RESULTS: The bed functions in two modes: manual mode, which engages the caretaker in the rotation process, and automatic mode, which rotates the bed every 2 h. The overall rotation angle is calculated by calculating the patient’s weight by means of loading cells distributed across the bed. In addition, the smart bed features sensors for certain vital signs, such as heart rate, body temperature, oximetry, humidity, and blood pressure.

CONCLUSION: A novel, efficient, smart medical bed is presented to ease the lives of patients and caregivers, both of whom have difficulties using conventional beds. The proposed system automatically rotates patients as planned and tracks them for any unexpected changes in their viral signs. The proposed novel bed is fitted with a range of safety measures to ensure proper functionality and prevent any danger to patients. The patients’ vital signs are assessed.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Plum Analytics Artifact Widget Block

References

Kementrian Kesehatan RI. Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2018, Depkes. Jakarta: Kementrian Kesehatan RI; 2018. Available from: http://www.depkes.go.id/resources/download/infoterkini/materi_rakorpop_2018/hasil%20riskesdas%202018.pdf. [Last accessed on 2021 Mar 15].

Institute for Healthcare Improvement. Relieve the Pressure and Reduce Harm; 2015. Available from: http://www.ihi.org/resources/pages/improvementstories/relievethe-pressureandreduceharm.aspx. [Last accessed on 2021 Mar 15].

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Fact Sheets: CMS Proposes Additions to List of Hospital-Acquired Conditions for Fiscal Year; 2009. Available from: http://www.cms.gov/newsroom/mediareleasedatabase/fact-sheets/2008-fact-sheets-items/2008-04-14.html. [Last accessed on 2021 Mar 15].

National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel, European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel, and Pan Pacific Pressure Injury Alliance. Prevention and Treatment of Pressure Ulcers; 2014.

Haesler E, editors. Clinical Practice Guideline. Osborne Park, Western Australia: Cambridge Media; 2020.

Purdue University. The Face of Pain Fact Sheet, Pain in the Workplace; 2013. Available from: http://www.inthefaceofpain.com. [Last accessed on 2021 Apr 01].

UDOL Bureau of Labor Statistics. Nonfatal Occupational Injuries Requiring Days Away From Work; 2015. Available from: http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/osh2.pdf. [Last accessed on 2021 Mar 29].

Doulgeri Z, Fasoulas J, Arimoto S. Feedback control for object manipulation by a pair of soft tip fingers. Robotica. 2012;20(1):1-11. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0263574701003733

Inoue T, Hirai S. Mechanics and Control of Soft-Fingered Manipulation. Berlin, Germany: Springer; 2009.

Byoung-Ho K, Hosoe S. A model of soft contact-based manipulation systems and its application to writing tasks. Ind Electron Soc. 2014;2:1030-5.

Roy B, Basmajian A. Asada HH. Repositioning of a rigid body with a flexible sheet and its application to an automated rehabilitation bed. In: IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering. Vol. 2. New Jersey, United States: IEEE; 2009. p. 300-7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TASE.2005.849093

Elbeigi S. Pressure ulcer prevention using soft, non-grasp manipulation in a forcebed. In: IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering; 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ARSO.2017.8025191

Kassem A, Hamad M, El Moucary C, Nawfal E, Aoun A. MedBed: Smart Medical Bed, Fourth International Conference on advances in biomedical Engineering (ICABME); 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICABME.2017.8167544

4-Way-Fold Care Bed; 2008. Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6ob4slldyy4. [Last accessed on 2021 Mar 29].

The Freedom Bed by ProBed Medical; 2014. Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nfvbwc-k4ru. [Last accessed on 2021 Mar 29].

Tawfik AH, Azzam A, Ibrahim Y. Novel Medical Bed; 2018. Available from: https://www.ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel7/8370364/8376751/08376899.pdf. [Last accessed on 2021 Mar 29].

Downloads

Published

2022-01-08

How to Cite

1.
Taryudi T, Lindayani L, Darmawati I. Smart-bed with Internet of Things for Pressure Ulcer. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 Jan. 8 [cited 2024 Apr. 20];10(A):90-4. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/7876

Issue

Section

Medical Informatics

Categories