Histopathological Types of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma: Clinicopathologic Study


  • Zainab Khalid Almukhtar Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq




Papillary thyroid carcinoma, High malignant potential, Papillary microcarcinoma variant, Extrathyroid extension


BACKGROUND: Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common type of thyroid carcinoma that represents a set of characteristic of nuclear features in which the diagnosis is depend.

AIM: The study aimed to review different variants of PTC which has different malignant potential in correlation with many prognostic and clinical factors in Iraq.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Paraffin blocks of 227 cases of PTC were selected, subtyped, and grouped according to the malignant potential. The prognostic and clinical factors were studied.

RESULTS: The mean age was (39.29 ± 12.17) years, with female predominance (86.3%), where (55.5%) of them below 40 years, conventional variant was most common (40.1%), followed by papillary microcarcinoma variant, 197 cases (86.8%) were classified as low to intermediate malignant potential, and 30 cases (13.2%) were classified as high malignant potential. On comparison, among the tumor stages, tumor focality, native capsular invasion, lymph nodes involvement, presence or absence of vascular invasion, extrathyroid extension, and distant metastasis, there is no significant correlation between them, whereas with the tumor size, there is significant correlation between them (p =< 0.05).

CONCLUSION: Conventional type followed by micropapillary type is most common. The mean age in Iraqi patients is lower than other countries for PTC. There is no significant association regarding prognostic factors between low to intermediate malignant potential variants and high malignant potential variants with exception of tumor diameter.


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How to Cite

Almukhtar ZK. Histopathological Types of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma: Clinicopathologic Study. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 Jan. 9 [cited 2023 Mar. 22];10(A):79-83. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/8059