Association between Blood Pressure and Quality of Life of Patients with Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 in the Bogor City Indonesia

Authors

  • Nikson Sitorus National Institute of Health Research and Development
  • Oster Suriani National Institute of Health Research and Development, Centre for Research and Development of Public Health Efforts, Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Indri Yunita Suryaputri National Institute of Health Research and Development, Centre for Research and Development of Public Health Efforts, Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Fredrick Dermawan Purba Department of Developmental Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Padjajaran, Bandung, Indonesia
  • Aprizal Satria Hanafi Department of Epidemiology, Alumnus of Master of Epidemiology Student, School of Public Health, University of Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2022.8172

Keywords:

Quality of life, Blood pressure, Diabetes mellitus

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QoL) related to health is an important aspect in the treatment of diabetes mellitus (DM).

AIM: This study aims to find a relationship between blood pressure and QoL of patients with DM Type 2 by controlling other variables.

METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of DM patients in Bogor City who were community-based participants with inclusion and exclusion criteria. The QoL data were collected using DM QoL modification questionnaire. Statistical analyses were performed using logistic regression.

RESULTS: The result of the study conducted on 144 people with DM, more than half of the patients had hypertension (68.1%), adults aged 25–60 years (69.4%), women (79.9%), low education with <12 years of education year (62.5%), not working formally (66.0%), married (77.8%), and getting treatment (75.7%). The QoL of patients is balanced between good and poor QoL (50%). Based on the results of the bivariate test, blood pressure, education, and marital status had a significant relationship to QoL (p < 0.05). Based on multivariate test results, the OR value for blood pressure does not increase or decrease by more than 10% in the full model or partially, this indicates that the effect of pressure on QoL is relatively stable (OR = 0.293).

CONCLUSION: DM patients who are not hypertensive can be a protective factor against poor QoL. The multivariate final model shows that the variable that greatly influences the QoL is education (OR = 3.63). Blood pressure, education, and married have a significant relationship to the QoL of patients with DM (p < 0.05). Age, sex, occupation, and therapy were not statistically related (p > 0.05).

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Published

2022-01-06

How to Cite

1.
Sitorus N, Suriani O, Yunita Suryaputri I, Dermawan Purba F, Satria Hanafi A. Association between Blood Pressure and Quality of Life of Patients with Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 in the Bogor City Indonesia. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 Jan. 6 [cited 2022 Jul. 1];10(E):136-40. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/8172

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Public Health Epidemiology

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