Disaster Preparedness Education among Community: What is effective? An Integrative Literature Review


  • Iwan Permana Lincoln University College, Kota Bharu, Malaysia; Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Sukabumi, Sukabumi, Indonesia
  • Faridah Mohd Said Postgraduate Nursing Studies, Faculty of Nursing, Lincoln University College, Malaysia
  • Nur Syazana Umar Lincoln University College, Kota Bharu, Malaysia
  • Johan Budhiana Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Sukabumi, Sukabumi, Indonesia




Disaster preparedness, Disaster training, Disaster education, Community-based, Review


Background: Community-based disaster preparedness is vital in all types of disaster scenarios. Despite having resources and post-disaster training, growing evidence indicates that many residents struggle to prepare ahead of a disaster.

Objectives: The aim of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness of disaster preparedness education for community.

Methods: A literature search was conducted using combination of the following keyword: “disaster planning” or “disaster preparedness” or “disaster training” and “evaluation or outcomes of education” and “community” or “family” Medline database via OVID and ProQuest Social Sciences Journals.

Results: The review included fourteen articles, seven of which were quantitative, four of which were qualitative, and three of which were mixed-method studies. The education contents were related to psychological first aid, evacuation sites and routes in times of disaster, items to prepare in case of emergency, preparing for safety inside a home, community mapping, and responding to psychological trauma, and how to build sustainability into community work.

Conclusion: All of the strategies and content used in disaster preparedness tend to enhance community preparedness. More research is needed to identify best practices for community disaster preparedness by using more rigors method and consider the local needs or barriers in designing education program.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...

Plum Analytics Artifact Widget Block


Jaganmohan M. Natural Disasters Events 2000-2020 Published by Madhumitha Jaganmohan, Feb 2, 2021 In 2020, there were a Total of 416 Natural Disasters Events Worldwide. The Asian Pacific Region Experienced the Second Highest Number of Natural Disasters, Most Likely Du. Available from: https://www.statista.com/statistics/510959/number-of-natural-disasters-events-globally [Last accessed on 2020 Dec 20].

Dewi DP. Telaah sistematik: Hubungan merokok dan prilaku merokok terhadap kejadian tuberkulosis paru. J Ilm PANNMED. 2020;15(2):206-10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.36911/pannmed.v15i2.708

Jones S. World Heading for Catastrophe Over Natural Disasters, Risk Expert Warns; 2016. Available from: https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2016/apr/24/world-heading-for-catastrophe-over-natural-disasters-risk-expert-warns [Last accessed on 2020 Dec 20].

Shukla J. Extreme Weather Events and Mental Health: Tackling the Psychosocial Challenge. New Delhi: ISRN Public Health; 2013. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/127365

Petkova EP, Schlegelmilch J, Sury J, Chandler TE, Herrera CD, Bhaskar S, et al. The American Preparedness Project: Where the US Public Stands in 2015. New York: National Center for Disaster Preparedness; 2016. p. 2.

Miller C. Most Americans Unprepared for Disasters According to a February Persuadable Research Survey. PR WEB. Available from: https://www.prweb.com/releases/disaster-preparedness/market-research-2012/prweb9225008.htm [Last accessed on 2020 Dec 20].

Donahue AK, Eckel CC, Wilson RK. Ready or Not? How Citizens and Public Officials Perceive Risk and Preparedness. Am Rev Public Adm. 2013;44(4):89S-111. https://doi.org/10.1177/0275074013506517 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0275074013506517

Solberg C, Rossetto T, Joffe H. The social psychology of seismic hazard adjustment: Re-evaluating the international literature. Nat Hazards Earth Syst Sci. 2010;10:1663-77. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-10-1663-2010

Mishra S, Suar D. Effects of anxiety, disaster education, and resources on disaster preparedness behavior. J Appl Soc Psychol. 2012;42(5):1069-87. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.2011.00853.x

James L. A Pilot Assessment of Psychological Factors Associated with Hurricane Sandy Preparedness in Post- Earthquake Haiti. Natural Hazards Center; 2014. Available from: https://www.hazards.colorado.edu/quick-response-report/a-pilot-assessment-of-psychological-factors-associated-with-hurricane-sandy-preparedness-in-post-earthquake-haiti [Last accessed on 2020 Dec 20].

Allen KM. Community-based disaster preparedness and climate adaptation: Local capacity-building in the Philippines. Disasters. 2006;30(1):81-101. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9523.2006.00308.x PMid:16512863 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9523.2006.00308.x

Benson C, Twigg J, Myers M. NGO initiatives in risk reduction: An overview. Disasters. 2001;25:199-215. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-7717.00172 PMid:11570334 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-7717.00172

Turoff M, Chumer M, Walle B, Yao X. The design of a dynamic emergency response management information system. J Inf Technol Theory Appl. 2004;5:1-36.

Acharya L, Upadhya KD, Kortmann F. Mental health and psychosocial support aspects in disaster preparedness: Nepal. Int Rev Psychiatry. 2006;18(6):587-92. https://doi.org/10.1080/09540260601038407 PMid:17162702 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09540260601038407

Yang Y, Xiao LD, Arbon P. Chinese nurses’ experience in the Wenchuan earthquake relief. Int Nurs Rev. 2010;57:217-23. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-7657.2009.00795.x PMid:20579157 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-7657.2009.00795.x

Olson DK, Scheller A, Larson S, Lindeke L, Edwardson S. Using gaming simulation to evaluate bioterrorism and emergency readiness education. Public Health Rep. 2010;125(3):468-77. https://doi.org/10.1177/003335491012500316 PMid:20433042 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/003335491012500316

Whittemore R, Knafl K. The integrative review: Updated methodology. J Adv Nurs. 2005;52(5):546-53. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2005.03621.x PMid:16268861 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2005.03621.x

Kumar R. Research Methodology: A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners 4th ed. United States: In Sage Publications; 2020.

Pace R, Pluye P, Bartlett G, Macaulay AC, Salsberg J, Jagosh J, et al. Testing the reliability and efficiency of the pilot mixed methods appraisal tool (MMAT) for systematic mixed studies review. Int J Nurs Stud. 2012;49(1):47-53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2011.07.002 PMid:21835406 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2011.07.002

Ardalan A, Mowafi H, Ardakani HM, Abolhasanai F, Zanganeh AM, Safizadeh H, et al. Effectiveness of a primary health care program on urban and rural community disaster preparedness, islamic republic of Iran: A community intervention trial. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2013;7(5):481-90. https://doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2013.93 PMid:24274128 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2013.93

Glik DC, Eisenman DP, Zhou Q, Tseng CH, Asch SM. Using the precaution adoption Process model to describe a disaster preparedness intervention among low-income Latinos. Health Educ Res. 2014;29(2):272-83. https://doi.org/10.1093/her/cyt109 PMid:24399266 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/her/cyt109

Paul SA. Assessment of critical thinking: A Delphi study. Nurse Educ Today. 2014;34(11):1357-60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2014.03.008 PMid:24713126 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2014.03.008

Cha BS, Lawrence RI, Bliss JC, Wells KB, Chandra A, Eisenman DP. The road to resilience: Insights on training community coalitions in the Los Angeles County community disaster resilience project. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2016;10(6):812-21. https://doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2016.46 PMid:27510995 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2016.46

Bromley E, Eisenman DP, Magana A, Williams M, Kim B, McCreary M, et al. How do communities use a participatory public health approach to build resilience? The Los Angeles county community disaster resilience project. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017;14(10):1267. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14101267 PMid:29065491 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14101267

Levin KL, Berliner M, Merdjanoff A. Disaster planning for vulnerable populations: Leveraging community human service organizations direct service delivery personnel. J Public Heal Manag Pract. 2014;20(5):79-82. https://doi.org/10.1097/PHH.0000000000000096 PMid:25072496 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/PHH.0000000000000096

Muller VM, Burke RV, Berg BM, Lin AC, Upperman JS. A mixed-methods pilot study of disaster preparedness and resiliency among faith-based organizations. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2014;29(2):127-33. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X14000120 PMid:24555905 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X14000120

Pollock MJ, Wennerstrom A, True G, Everett A, Sugarman O, Haywood C, et al. Preparedness and community resilience in disaster-prone areas: Cross-sectoral collaborations in South Louisiana, 2018. Am J Public Health. 2019;109:S309-15. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305152

Yasunari T, Nozawa M, Nishio R, Yamamoto A, Takami Y. Development and evaluation of “disaster preparedness” educational programme for pregnant women. Int Nurs Rev. 2011;58(3):335-40. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-7657.2011.00919.x PMid:21848780 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-7657.2011.00919.x

Welton-Mitchell C, James LE, Khanal SN, James AS. An integrated approach to mental health and disaster preparedness: A cluster comparison with earthquake affected communities in Nepal. BMC Psychiatry. 2018;18(1):1-14. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-018-1863-z PMid:30223822 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-018-1863-z

Gamboa-Maldonado T, Marshak HH, Sinclair R, Montgomery S, Dyjack DT. Building capacity for community disaster preparedness: A call for collaboration between public environmental health and emergency preparedness and response programs. J Environ Health. 2012;75(2):24-9. PMid:22984732

Nicholls K, Picou SJ, McCord SC. Training community health workers to enhance disaster resilience. J Public Heal Manag Pract. 2017;23(6):S78-84. https://doi.org/10.1097/PHH.0000000000000645 PMid:28961657 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/PHH.0000000000000645

Tam G, Chan EY, Liu S. Planning of a health emergency disaster risk management programme for a chinese ethnic minority community. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019;16(6):1-12. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16061046 PMid:30909526 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16061046

James LE, Welton-Mitchell C, Noel JR, James AS. Integrating mental health and disaster preparedness in intervention: A randomized controlled trial with earthquake and flood-affected communities in Haiti. Psychol Med. 2019;50(2):342-52. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291719000163 PMid:30782236 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291719000163




How to Cite

Permana I, Said FM, Umar NS, Budhiana J. Disaster Preparedness Education among Community: What is effective? An Integrative Literature Review. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 Feb. 15 [cited 2024 Feb. 25];10(G):1-8. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/8373



Emergency Nursing