How Do They Feel at the First Line During the Covid Outbreak: A Survey among Indonesian Nurses


  • Ardia Putra Department of Nursing Management, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
  • Yuswardi Yuswardi Department of Nursing Management, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
  • Nurhasanah Nurhasanah Department of Nursing Geriatric, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia



Nurses, Occupational safety, Accidents, Occupational safety and health administration, Covid-19


AIM: This descriptive survey study is conducted to examine the nurses’ perceived occupational safety as a front line during the pandemic period in Aceh Province, Indonesia

METHODS: This research used a cross-sectional study design. The study was conducted in all districts/cities in the Aceh province. Sample in this study amounted to 199 respondents, collected using a snowball sampling technique. The developed questionnaire consists of respondents’ demographic data and Nurse Occupational Safety Questionnaire, and it has been tested for validity and reliability tests. Data were collected using web-based questionnaires (google form) via appointed representatives responsible for sharing the questionnaire link. Then, data were analyzed using the descriptive statistic by using SPSS software.

RESULTS: This study found that 126 respondents (63.3%) perceived safe and 73 respondents (33.7%) felt the unsafe conditions in working during pandemic in Aceh. Factors contributed to this result are included age (p = 0.029), educational level (p = 0.003), and work setting (p = 0.000).

CONCLUSION: Feeling unsafe by nurses can be assumed by the incidence rate of nurses becoming infected by the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Coronavirus-2 virus has reached 60.3% for the respondent. Therefore, the stakeholders, including the Government, Health Service Management, Hospital Management, and other health agencies, must take responsibility for this situation, especially in monitoring and evaluating the performance and needs of nurses who direct and indirectly treat the coronavirus disease 2019 patients.


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How to Cite

Putra A, Yuswardi Y, Nurhasanah N. How Do They Feel at the First Line During the Covid Outbreak: A Survey among Indonesian Nurses. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 Feb. 23 [cited 2024 Feb. 25];10(G):160-5. Available from:



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