Criminal Liability of People with Mental Disorders: Health Law Perspective

Authors

  • Rizka Rizka Department of Law, Faculty of Law, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Arief Budiono Department of Law, Faculty of Law, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Yogi Prasetyo Department of Law, Faculty of Law, Universitas Muhammadiyah Ponorogo, Ponorogo, Indonesia
  • Chrisna Bagus Edhita Praja Department of Law, Faculty of Law, Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang, Magelang, Indonesia
  • Hasna Atikah Khairunnisa Department of Law, Faculty of Law, Universitas Muhammadiyah Ponorogo, Ponorogo, Indonesia
  • Hasna Atikah Khairunnisa Department of Law, Faculty of Law, Universitas Muhammadiyah Ponorogo, Ponorogo, Indonesia
  • Dewi Iriani Department of Shariah, Faculty of Shariah, IAIN Ponorogo, Ponorogo, Indonesia
  • Hary Abdul Hakim Department of Law, Faculty of Law, Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang, Magelang, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2022.8449

Keywords:

Criminal law, Criminal liability, Mental disorders

Abstract

Criminal liability is a mechanism to determine whether or not a suspect may be held responsible for an action. Mental disorders are conditions that prevent someone from having the ability to take responsibility for their actions. The Indonesian Criminal Codes I and II provide a guide on the criminal liability of people with mental disorders. This is normative legal research with a focal point on inventorying written positive laws under legal principles and doctrines to discover the law in a case. The result shows that the judge has full authority to sentence offenders with mental disorders. Otherwise, they have to consider the facts at the trial and ask expert witnesses. We argue that imposing the sanction for perpetrators with mental disorders is not in line with Lex Neminem Cogit Ad Impossibilia, which is embedded in the Indonesian criminal code. Moreover, the judge needs to involve the psychiatrists to manage the suspect with a mental disorder in their decision.

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Published

2022-02-03

How to Cite

1.
Rizka R, Budiono A, Prasetyo Y, Praja CBE, Khairunnisa HA, Khairunnisa HA, Iriani D, Hakim HA. Criminal Liability of People with Mental Disorders: Health Law Perspective. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 Feb. 3 [cited 2024 Jun. 17];10(E):435-8. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/8449

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Public Health Legislation

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