Association between Maternal Health Care and Basic Immunization Completeness in Children Aged 12–23 Months: Analysis of 2017 Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2022.8500

Keywords:

Children, Immunization, Maternal health care, Demographic health survey

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The coverage of complete basic immunization in Indonesia is still lower than the target stated in the 2015-2019 Ministry of Health Strategic Plan. It may be caused by several factors, one of the essential factors is maternal health services.

AIM: The study aims to assess the association between maternal health services and immunization completeness in Indonesian children aged 12–23 months.

METHODS: A cross-sectional design was conducted using the 2017 Indonesian Demographic Health Survey. Two-stage stratified random sampling was used to obtain representative samples from all provinces in Indonesia. The subjects of this study were mothers who had children aged 12–23 months. A total of 3,398 samples were obtained after considering the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The data were analyzed using chi-square and logistic regression.

RESULTS: The prevalence of complete immunization of Indonesian children aged 12–23 months was 61.4%. From multivariate analysis, we found that mothers who attend more than four antenatal care (ANC) (Adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 3.23 95% Confidence interval [CI] [2.31–4.52]), delivery by health-professionals (AOR 3.32 95%CI [2.26–4.88]), and attended postnatal care (PNC) (AOR 1.31 95% CI [1.07–1.59]) were predictors of complete child immunization. In addition, children whose mothers had a higher educational level and who live in Java-Bali were more likely to be completely vaccinated.

CONCLUSION: Maternal health services, which consist of ANC services, delivery by health workers, and PNC services, were associated with the completeness of basic immunization in Indonesian children aged 12–23 months. Strategies to improve immunization coverage must be carried out by increasing the continuity of maternal health services since pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum.

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Published

2022-02-16

How to Cite

1.
Faradita I, Sitaresmi MN, Wahab A. Association between Maternal Health Care and Basic Immunization Completeness in Children Aged 12–23 Months: Analysis of 2017 Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 Feb. 16 [cited 2022 Jul. 1];10(E):264-8. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/8500

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Public Health Disease Control

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