The Consumption of Yellow Watermelon-plantain Juice before Anaerobic Exercise Improves Blood Glucose and Suppresses Oxidative Stress Formation in Rats
Keywords:Yellow watermelon, Plantain, Exercise, Antioxidant
Food supplementation prior to exercise could supply glucose for energy booster and enhanced performance. Food supplements with potent antioxidant activity could also help alleviate oxidative stress formation during exercise. This study aiming to investigate yellow watermelon-plantain juice administration prior to anaerobic exercise on blood glucose level and its protective effect on markers of oxidative stress formation that is malondialdehyde (mda) serum level. Thirty-five male Sprague Dawley rats were divided into five different groups in which received different treatments. Anaerobic exercise in this study was set as swimming test for three minutes. Blood glucose level were examined as baseline, thirty minutes after juice supplementation, and after exercise test. P2 groups has the highest blood glucose level before and after exercise (111.86 mg/dl and 100.52 mg/dl, respectively). Mda level after exercise differ significantly between groups (p < 0.05) with negative control group has the highest level of Mda (7.68 nmol/ml) and P2 has the lowest level among treatment groups (1.8 nmol/ml). It can be concluded that yellow watermelon-plantain juice supplementation prior to anaerobic exercise is an effective source of energy due to its rapid glucose availability in the serum. Antioxidant content in yellow watermelon-plantain juice could also suppressed malondialdehyde serum level after exercise
Plum Analytics Artifact Widget Block
Hargreaves M. Exercise, muscle, and CHO metabolism. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2015;25(Suppl 4):29-33. http://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12607 PMid:26589114 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12607
Forbes SC, Candow DG, Smith-Ryan AE, Hirsch KR, Roberts MD, VanDusseldorp TA, et al. Supplements and nutritional interventions to augment high-intensity interval training physiological and performance adaptations a narrative review. Nutrients. 2020;12(2):390. http://doi.org/10.3390/nu12020390 PMid:32024038 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12020390
Park SY, Kwak YS. Impact of aerobic and anaerobic exercise training on oxidative stress and antioxidant defense in athletes. J Exerc Rehabil. 2016;12(2):113-7. http://doi.org/10.12965/jer.1632598.299 PMid:27162773 DOI: https://doi.org/10.12965/jer.1632598.299
Wiecek M, Szymura J, Maciejczyk M, Kantorowicz M, Szygula Z. Acute anaerobic exercise affects the secretion of asprosin, irisin, and other cytokines a comparison between sexes. Front Physiol. 2018;9:1782. http://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2018.01782 PMid:30618797 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2018.01782
Kawamura T, Muraoka I. Exercise-induced oxidative stress and the effects of antioxidant intake from a physiological viewpoint. Antioxidants. 2018;7(9):119. http://doi.org/10.3390/antiox7090119 PMid:30189660 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox7090119
Sen C, Packer L, Hänninen O. Handbook of Oxidants and Antioxidants in Exercise. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier; 2000.
Ridwan R, Razak HR, Adenan MI, Saad WM. Supplementation of 100% flesh watermelon [Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. and Nakai] juice improves swimming performance in rats. Prev Nutr Food Sci. 2019;24(1):41-8. http://doi.org/10.3746/pnf.2019.24.1.41 PMid:31008095 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3746/pnf.2019.24.1.41
Faturochman F, Junaidi S, Setiowati A. The effectivity of banana, B1, B6, and B12 vitamins consumption towards muscle fatigue. J Sport Sci Fitness. 2020;6(1):41-7.
Fila WA, Itam EH, Johnson JT, Odey MO, Effiong EE, Dasofunjo K, et al. Comparative proximate compositions of watermelon Citrullus lanatus, squash Cucurbita pepo and rambutan Nephelium lappaceum. Int J Sci Technol 2013;2:81-8.
Fish WW, Bruton BD, Russo VM. Watermelon juice: A promising feedstock supplement, diluent, and nitrogen supplement for ethanol biofuel production. Biotechnol Biofuels. 2009;2(1):18. http://doi.org/10.1186/1754-6834-2-18 PMid:19709399 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1754-6834-2-18
Pelissari FM, Andrade-Mahecha MM, do Sobral PJ, Menegalli FC. Isolation and characterization of the flour and starch of plantain bananas (Musa paradisiaca). Starch Stärke. 2012;64(5):382-91. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/star.201100133
Kumar KP, Bhowmik D, Duraivel S, Umadevi M. Traditional and medicinal uses of banana. J Pharmacogn Phytochem. 2012;1(3):51-63.
Röhling M, Herder C, Stemper T, Müssig K. Influence of acute and chronic exercise on glucose uptake. J Diabetes Res. 2016;2016:2868652. http://doi.org/10.1155/2016/2868652 PMid:27069930 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/2868652
Paredes-Flores MA, Mohiuddin SS. Biochemistry, Glycogenolysis. Treasure Island, FL: StatPearls; 2020.
Moflehi D, Kok LY, Amri S, Tengku-Fadilah TK, Amri S. Effect of exercise modes with similar intensities on lipid-peroxidation and muscle-damage markers on sedentary males. Ann Biol Res. 2013;5:5-10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/gjhs.v4n4p48
Simioni C, Zauli G, Martelli AM, Vitale M, Sacchetti G, Gonelli A, et al. Oxidative stress: Role of physical exercise and antioxidant nutraceuticals in adulthood and aging. Oncotarget. 2018;9(24):17181. http://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.24729 PMid:29682215 DOI: https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.24729
Bogdanis GC, Stavrinou P, Fatouros IG, Philippou A, Chatzinikolaou A, Draganidis D, et al. Short-term high-intensity interval exercise training attenuates oxidative stress responses and improves antioxidant status in healthy humans. Food Chem Toxicol. 2013;61:171-7. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2013.05.046 PMid:23747717 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2013.05.046
Vezzoli A, Mrakic-Sposta S, Montorsi M, Porcelli S, Vago P, Cereda F, et al. Moderate intensity resistive training reduces oxidative stress and improves muscle mass and function in older individuals. Antioxidants. 2019;8(10):431. http://doi.org/10.3390/antiox8100431 PMid:31561586 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox8100431
Vargas-Mendoza N, Angeles-Valencia M, Morales-González A, Madrigal-Santillán EO, Morales-Martínez M, Madrigal- Bujaidar E, et al. Oxidative stress, mitochondrial function and adaptation to exercise: New perspectives in nutrition. Life. 2021;11(11):1269. http://doi.org/10.3390/life11111269 PMid:34833151 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/life11111269
Ryan MJ, Dudash HJ, Docherty M, Geronilla KB, Baker BA, Gregory G, et al. Vitamin E and C supplementation reduces oxidative stress, improves antioxidant enzymes and positive muscle work in chronically loaded muscles of aged rats. Exp Gerontol. 2010;45(11):882-95. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.exger.2010.08.002 PMid:20705127 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exger.2010.08.002
Elejalde E, Villarán MC, Alonso RM. Grape polyphenols supplementation for exercise-induced oxidative stress. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2021;18(1):1-12. http://doi.org/10.1186/s12970-020-00395-0 PMid:33413451 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12970-020-00395-0
Choudhary BR, Haldhar SM, Maheshwari SK, Bhargava R, Sharma SK. Phytochemicals and antioxidants in watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) genotypes under hot arid region. Indian J Agric Sci. 2015;85(3):141-7.
Tlili I, Hdider C, Lenucci MS, Ilahy R, Jebari H, Dalessandro G. Bioactive compounds and antioxidant activities during fruit ripening of watermelon cultivars. J Food Comp Anal. 2011;24(7):923-8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2011.03.016
Zainuddin A, Susanto H, Rosidi A. The effect of red pomegranate provision on malondialdehyde and blood lactic acid level in rats with maximum physical activity. J Gizi Pangan. 2019;14(2):77-82. DOI: https://doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2019.14.2.77-82
Someya S, Yoshiki Y, Okubo K. Antioxidant compounds from bananas (Musa cavendish). Food Chem. 2002;79(3):351-4. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(02)00186-3
Babu MA, Suriyakala MA, Gothandam KM. Varietal impact on phytochemical contents and antioxidant properties of Musa acuminata (banana). J Pharm Sci Res. 2012;4(10):1950.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Afina Sulistyaning, Farida Farida, Hesti Sari (Author)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.