Stunting Prevention and Control Program to Reduce the Prevalence of Stunting: Systematic Review Study


  • Wahyuningsih Wahyuningsih Doctoral Program in Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia; Department of Nursing, Patria Artha University, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia
  • Agussalim Bukhari Doctoral Program in Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Aidah Juliaty Doctoral Program in Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Kadek Ayu Erika Doctoral Program in Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Rian Adi Pamungkas Department of Nursing, Esa Unggul University, West Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Brajakson Siokal Department of Nursing, Indonesia Muslim University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Saharuddin Saharuddin Department of Nursing, Institute of Health Science Graha Edukasi Makassar
  • Safrullah Amir Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia



Stunting impact, Prenatal, Children, Parenting practice, Family/household, Community environment


BACKGROUND: Stunting is a condition in which the occurrence of failure to thrive in children as a result of chronic malnutrition so that the child is too short for his age. The prevalence of stunting in children under five in Indonesia is higher than the prevalence of stunting in the world. One of the impacts of stunting is the occurrence of developmental barriers, where if this is not prevented it will have an impact on the less than optimal performance of children in school and the long-term impact can be a decrease in the quality of human resources.

AIM: This study aims to systematically identify stunting prevention and control programs to reduce the prevalence of stunting.

METHODS: The method used in this study is the Systematic Review (SR). SR is a method that identifies, assesses, and interprets findings on a research topic to answer predetermined research questions. The keywords used to search for articles on electronic databases are ProQuest, Scinapse, PubMed, and Google Search. The keywords used are “stunting,” “parenting,” “parenting AND Stunting,” “stunting prevention,” “stunting prevention,” “stunting in lower and middle income countries,” “stunting and global programs,” and “stunting and Indonesia.” “Stunting and Asia Region” obtained from the ProQuest, Scinapse, PubMed, and Google Search database.

RESULTS: Based on the identification results of this study, there are several forms of programs and interventions to prevent and control stunting that have been proven to be successful in reducing the prevalence of stunting, namely: CARING Trial, COWPEA, The Lulun Project, Rang-Din Nutrition Study, Tubaramure, NEO-MOM, Preparing for Life, Integrated Child Development Services, Early childhood caries, Small-Quantity, Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplements, Handwashing With Soap and Total Sanitation and Sanitation Marketing, PROCOMIDA, Community-Based Participatory Nutrition Promotion Program, Promote Children’s Growth and Development, Community-Based Growth Monitoring Including Nutritional Supplementation, Child Development Agents, Lady Health Worker program, ready-to-use supplementary foods, and Supporting Father Involvement, Positive Deviance/Hearth, JiVitA-3.

CONCLUSION: From planning, conducting and reporting, it can be concluded that the intervention as an effort to prevent and control stunting had a significant effect between the intervention group and the treatment group and the control group which was only given normal treatment even without any treatment.


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How to Cite

Wahyuningsih W, Bukhari A, Juliaty A, Erika KA, Pamungkas RA, Siokal B, Saharuddin S, Amir S. Stunting Prevention and Control Program to Reduce the Prevalence of Stunting: Systematic Review Study. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 Mar. 8 [cited 2022 Jul. 1];10(F):190-20. Available from:



Systematic Review Article


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