The Predictive Role of Vitamin D Deficiency in Urinary Tract Infection at Reproductive Age in Women


  • Mays Basil Department of Medical Laboratory Techniques, Al-Kunooze University College, Basra, Iraq
  • Aalaa A. Chmagh Department of Medical Laboratory Techniques, Health and Medical Technical College, Southern Technical University, Basra, Iraq
  • Mustafa S. Hassan Basrah Health Directorate, Al-Saddr Teaching Hospital, Ministry of Health and Environment, Basra, Iraq



Vitamin D deficiency, Urinary tract infections, Reproductive age, Recurrent urinary tract infection


BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common health infections in pregnant women with high complications. Many of the worldwide population suffer from vitamin D deficiency (VDD) due to insufficient exposure to sunlight. The relationship between VDD and UTI and giving vitamin D supplementation contributes to preventing UTI.

AIM: The present study aims to find the effect of VDD and UTIs in women of reproductive age as risk factors during pregnancy.

METHODS: The samples were collected from May 2020 to February 2021 from gynecology clinic outpatients and private clinics in Basrah city. A 104 sample was collected from females of reproductive age between 15 and 45 years divided into three age groups suffering recurrent UTI and VDD.

RESULTS: Of 104 women who followed up with UTIs during the study period, the deficiency of vitamin D levels in women was 62.5%. The levels of deficiency were significantly higher in the age group 25-34y is 71.1%, followed by 15-24y is 63.2%, and 35-45 y is 50% with mean 24 ± 6.8 years. In addition, the results showed the vitamin D levels at an insufficient level (30.8%) higher in the age group 35-45 y is 42.9% with a mean of 10 ± 1.2. Furthermore, the results showed that the vitamin D levels at an insufficient level (30.8%) higher in the age group 35–45 years are 42.9% with a mean of 10 ± 1.2.

CONCLUSION: Our current study revealed that there is a clear correlation between women who suffer from VDD and UTIs, whether severe or frequent infection at reproductive age and this affects their fertility and pregnancy. In addition, the study concluded that adolescent girls and young women are the most vulnerable to VDD and UTIs.


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How to Cite

Basil M, Chmagh AA, Hassan MS. The Predictive Role of Vitamin D Deficiency in Urinary Tract Infection at Reproductive Age in Women. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 Feb. 5 [cited 2023 Mar. 28];10(A):498-501. Available from: