The Epidemiological Situation and Clinical Characteristic Aspect Cause by COVID-19 in Suspected Cases in Albania

Authors

  • Oltiana Petri Infection Diseases and American Laboratory Network, American Hospital, Tirana, Albania; Department of Bioscience and Human Discipline, Sports University of Tirana, Albania https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2386-4605
  • Erjona Abazaj National Reference Laboratories, Institute of Public Health, Tirana, Albania https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2386-4605
  • Albana Daka Infection Diseases and American Laboratory Network, American Hospital, Tirana, Albania
  • Gentian Huti Infection Diseases and American Laboratory Network, American Hospital, Tirana, Albania https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5539-0136
  • Edmond Puca Infection Diseases and American Laboratory Network, American Hospital, Tirana, Albania https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0621-4865
  • Blerta Brati National Reference Laboratories, Institute of Public Health, Tirana, Albania

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2022.8824

Keywords:

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2019, Epidemiological situation, American hospital patients

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has forcefully entered our lives and profoundly changed the perception and habits of the world population since the December 2019.

AIM: The aims of this study were to presents the epidemiology data and clinical characteristic aspect of patients suspected with COVID-19 and analyzed in the American laboratory in Tirana, Albania from August 2020 to March 2021.

METHODS: This study includes 1205 suspected cases for SARS COVID-19. Professionally trained health workers collected the samples from suspected patients by using synthetic fiber swabs. Double specimens from nasopharyngeal and pharyngeal swabs were collected from each of person. A standard questionnaire about the demographic and clinical data was filled for each person. The software SPSS version 22.0 was used for analyzing all data and also the examination findings.

RESULTS: The prevalence of SARS COVID-19 resulted to be 31.1%. The average age resulted 42.17 ± 18.6. The most predominant positive age resulted the age groups 31–40 years old and 41–50 years old with positivity 17.3% and 16.3%, respectively, with significant association p = 0.01. Male were the most analyzed and affected persons (61.6%) in this study with a strong significant association p = 0.0004. It turned out that more than half of patients refereed at least two symptoms in the same time of analyze and about 1/3 refereed more than three symptoms. We found an association for presence of all typical symptoms with positivity except the temperature. We identified that for all of these symptoms, the p value resulted less than 0.05.

CONCLUSION: SARS COVID-19 in the early stages of the disease is highly contagious. For this reason, the screening of people with symptoms is recommended to determine who should be quarantined and be tested. In this manner, we can decrease the rate of infection and protect healthy people from infection.

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Published

2022-05-05

How to Cite

1.
Petri O, Abazaj E, Daka A, Huti G, Puca E, Brati B. The Epidemiological Situation and Clinical Characteristic Aspect Cause by COVID-19 in Suspected Cases in Albania. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 May 5 [cited 2024 Jun. 17];10(B):1062-7. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/8824

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Infective Diseases

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