Perilipin Genetic Variation Correlated with Obesity and Lipid Profile in Metabolic Syndrome


  • Pramudji Hastuti Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Rosdiana Mus Department of Technology Medical Laboratory, Faculty of Health Technology, Universitas Mega Rezky, Makasar, Indonesia
  • Anggelia Puspasari Department of Medical Biology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Universitas Jambi, Indonesia
  • Citra Maharani Department of Medical Biology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Universitas Jambi, Indonesia
  • Ika Setyawati Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia



Perilipin, Genetic variation, Metabolic syndrome, Obesity, Fat gene


BACKGROUND: Perilipin is very important for the regulation of the deposition and mobilization of fats. The human perilipin gene (PLIN) is near the locus for risk of obesity and hypertriglyceridemia. The PLIN gene is thought to be involved in the occurrence of metabolic syndrome.

AIM: The aim of this research is to determine the role of variations of the PLIN gene (PLN4 11482 G>A) as a risk factor for component of metabolic syndrome.

METHODS: This study involved a total of 160 subjects consisting of 80 with metabolic syndrome and 80 controls. Genotype analysis was done with the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method. The data were analyzed with t-tests to compare the subjects’ characteristics between metabolic syndrome groups and controls. Risk factors of PLIN genotypes were calculated with odds ratio and multivariate regression analysis was used to determine the role of the PLIN gene with each biochemical characteristic.

RESULTS: The result was significant differences between the characteristics of the metabolic syndrome subjects with controls (p < 0.05). There was no difference in genotypes between patients with metabolic syndrome and controls. The multivariate analysis of the genetic role with biochemical components showed the PLIN gene in AA carriers as a risk factor for metabolic syndrome compare GA+GG, risk of obesity, and hypercholesterolemia with p < 0.05.

CONCLUSION: It can be concluded that PLIN variation has a role in the incidence of metabolic syndrome, especially in relation to obesity and hypercholesterolemia. Further study is needed to determine the role of other gene variations as a risk factor for metabolic syndrome.


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How to Cite

Hastuti P, Mus R, Puspasari A, Maharani C, Setyawati I. Perilipin Genetic Variation Correlated with Obesity and Lipid Profile in Metabolic Syndrome. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 Apr. 4 [cited 2023 Mar. 28];10(A):782-6. Available from:

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