Psycho-Religious Therapy improving the Quality of Life of the Elderly in Nursing Homes

Authors

  • Dwi Setiowati Department of Fundamental Nursing, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, South Tangerang, Indonesia
  • Shova Maudina Department of Fundamental Nursing, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, South Tangerang, Indonesia
  • Jamaludin Jamaludin Department of Fundamental Nursing, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, South Tangerang, Indonesia
  • Rasdiyanah Rasdiyanah Department of Community Nursing, UIN Alaudin Makassar, Bontomaranu, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2022.9186

Keywords:

Psycho-religious therapy, Quality of life, Elderly

Abstract

Abstract

BACKGROUND As people get older, body functions in the elderly will decrease so that it will affect their quality of life. One way to improve the quality of life of the elderly is to meet the basic needs of the elderly through a spiritual approach (Islamic psychotherapy). 

 

AIM: This study aims to determine the effect of Zikr on the quality of life of the elderly in nursing homes. 

 

METHODS: This study used a quasi-experimental nonequivalent control group design. The sampling technique used purposive sampling , a total of 10 respondents from the intervention group and 10 respondents from the control group. Quality of life score using the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF questionnaire (WHOQOL-BREF). The research analysis used paired t-test and Wilcoxon test for differences in quality-of-life scores of each group and for differences in quality of life between the intervention group and control group using unpaired t-test and Mann-Whitney test. 

 

RESULTS: The effect of psycho-religious therapy (Zikr) on the quality of life of the elderly in the intervention group before and after doing Zikr (p = 0.000), there were differences in 3 domains of quality of life, namely the psychological domain ( p = 0.000), the domain of social relations (p = 0.027), and the environmental domain.  p = 0.010). 

 

CONCLUSION: Psycho-religious therapy (Zikr) affects the quality of life of the elderly in the nursing home and suggests Nursing homes to provide guidance with a religious approach, especially Zikr to improve the quality of life of the elderly.

 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Plum Analytics Artifact Widget Block

References

Kim HK. The effects of reducing skin wrinkles and improving skin elasticity from Korean radish extract. Int J Adv Smart Converg. 2019;8(1):113-25. https://doi.org/10.7236/IJASC.2019.8.1.113

Salonia A, Bettocchi C, Boeri L, Capogrosso P, Carvalho J, Cilesiz NC, et al. European association of urology guidelines on sexual and reproductive health--2021 update: Male sexual dysfunction. Eur Urol. 2021;80(3):333-57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eururo.2021.06.007 PMid:34183196 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eururo.2021.06.007

Abdi S, Spann A, Borilovic J, de Witte L, Hawley M. Understanding the care and support needs of older people: A scoping review and categorisation using the WHO international classification of functioning, disability and health framework (ICF). BMC Geriatr. 2019;19(1):195. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-019-1189-9 PMid:31331279 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-019-1189-9

Bodeker G, Pundit M, Quising P, Tian S. Ageing and Wellness in Asia BACKGROUND PAPER. https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/institutional-document/633886/adou2020bp-ageing-wellness-asia.pdf [Last accessed on 2021 Sep 28].

Franceschi C, Garagnani P, Morsiani C, Conte M, Santoro A, Grignolio A, et al. The continuum of aging and age-related diseases: Common mechanisms but different rates. Front Med. 2018;5:61. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2018.00061 PMid:29662881 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2018.00061

Fave AD, Bassi M, Boccaletti ES, Roncaglione C, Bernardelli G, Mari D. Promoting well-being in old age: The psychological benefits of two training programs of adapted physical activity. Front Psychol. 2018;9:828. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00828 PMid:29910755 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00828

Halaweh H, Dahlin-Ivanoff S, Svantesson U, Willén C. Perspectives of older adults on aging well: A focus group study. J Aging Res. 2018;2018:1-9. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/9858252 PMid:30533224 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/9858252

Liu Z, Yang F, Lou Y, Zhou W, Tong F. The effectiveness of reminiscence therapy on alleviating depressive symptoms in older adults: A systematic review. Front Psychol. 2021;12:709853. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.709853 PMid:34484066 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.709853

Gilbert P. Psychotherapy for the 21st century: An integrative, evolutionary, contextual, biopsychosocial approach. Psychol Psychother. 2019;92(2):164-89. https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12226 PMid:30932302 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12226

Trimulyaningsih N, Wulandari E, Sofia N. Qualitative research on Islamic psychotherapy: A meta synthesis study in Indonesian culture. Int J Couns Educ. 2017;2(3):119-30. https://doi.org/10.23916/002017025630 DOI: https://doi.org/10.23916/002017025630

Al-Karam CY. Islamically Integrated Psychotherapy: Uniting Faith and Professional Practice. (Spirituality and Mental Health). Vol. 3. United States of America: Templeton Press; 2018. https://doi.org/10.3998/jmmh.10381607.0014.104 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3998/jmmh.10381607.0014.104

Sulistyawati RA, Probosuseno, Setiyarini S. Dhikr therapy for reducing anxiety in cancer patients. Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs. 2019;6(4):411-6. https://doi.org/10.4103/apjon.apjon_33_19 PMid:31572762 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/apjon.apjon_33_19

Komori T. The relaxation effect of prolonged expiratory breathing. Ment Illn. 2018;10(1):7669. https://doi.org/10.4081/mi.2018.7669 PMid:30046408 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/mi.2018.7669

Pearce E, Wlodarski R, Machin A, Dunbar RI. Variation in the β-endorphin, oxytocin, and dopamine receptor genes is associated with different dimensions of human sociality. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017;114(20):5300-5. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1700712114 PMid:28461468 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1700712114

Pramesona BA, Taneepanichskul S. Factors influencing the quality of life among Indonesian elderly: A nursing home-based cross-sectional survey. J Health Res. 2018;32(5):326-33. https://doi.org/10.1108/jhr-08-2018-037 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/JHR-08-2018-037

Dung V, Lan NT, Trang VT, Xuan Cu T, Thien LM, Thu NS, et al. Quality of life of older adults in nursing homes in Vietnam. Health Psychol Open. 2020;7(2):2055102920954710. https://doi.org/10.1177/2055102920954710 PMid:33110613 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/2055102920954710

Halloway S, Wilbur J, Schoeny ME, Arfanakis K. Effects of endurance-focused physical activity interventions on brain health: A systematic review. Biol Res Nurs. 2017;19(1):53-64. https://doi.org/10.1177/1099800416660758 PMid:27474154 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1099800416660758

Wongsala M, Anbäcken EM, Rosendahl S. Active ageing-perspectives on health, participation, and security among older adults in northeastern Thailand-a qualitative study. BMC Geriatr. 2021;21(1):41. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-020-01981-2 PMid:33430777 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-020-01981-2

Parnawi A, Addieningrum FM, Aslina N, Maskur S. THE relationship between remembering god (dhikr) and stress prevention of life problem. Pal Archs J Archaeol Egypt/Egyptol 2020;17(7):4926-32.

Maruf IJ, Hartanto O, Suminah S, Sulaeman ES. The effect of memorizing the al Quran on quality of life in stroke patients with aphasia motoric disorders. Glob J Health Sci. 2019;11(7):29. https://doi.org/10.5539/gjhs.v11n7p29 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/gjhs.v11n7p29

Brinkman JE, Toro F, Sharma S. Physiology, Respiratory Drive; 2019. https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Physiology%2C-Respiratory-Drive-Brinkman-Toro/f6a82017c¬d991352e8870605397ccad6a40dff46 [Last accessed on 2021 Sep 28].

Iskandar I, Hatta K, Azhar A. Dhikrullah vibration as stimulus of social behavior change. Budapest Int Res Critics Inst. 2020;3(3):2412-20. https://doi.org/10.33258/birci.v3i3.1204 DOI: https://doi.org/10.33258/birci.v3i3.1204

Nasiri M, Naboureh A, Fayazi S. The effect of an Islamic praise (Zhikr) on postoperative anxiety of patients undergoing coronary artery bypasses graft surgery: A randomized clinical trial on Iranian Shia Muslims. Res Cardiovasc Med. 2017;6(3):4. https://doi.org/10.5812/cardiovascmed.41388 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5812/cardiovascmed.41388

Kusuma NA, Rahmawati D, lusiani M, Dede R. The effect of Zhikr therapy on anxiety levels in chronic kidney failure patients that have done hemodialysis therapy in Indonesia. Enferm Clín. 2020;30:175-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enfcli.2019.11.048 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enfcli.2019.11.048

Moeini M, Sharifi S, Kajbaf M. Effect of Islam-based religious program on spiritual wellbeing in elderly with hypertension. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2016;21(6):566-71. https://doi.org/10.4103/1735-9066.197683 PMid:28194194 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/1735-9066.197683

Matko K, Sedlmeier P. What is meditation? Proposing an empirically derived classification system. Front Psychol. 2019;10:2276. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02276 PMid:31681085 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02276

Ilić I, Šipetić-Grujičić S, Grujičić J, Mačužić IZ, Kocić S, Ilić M. Psychometric properties of the World Health Organization’s quality of life (Whoqol-Bref) questionnaire in medical students. Medicina. 2019;55(12):772. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina55120772 PMid:31817180 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina55120772

Omarji MI. Daily Adhkar: Authentic Remembrances and Supplications Prescribed by the Messenger of Allah. 2nd ed. Ummah Welfare Trust; 2017. Available from: https://lifewithallah.com/publication/daily-adhkar-book-a7 [Last accessed on 2022 Apr 04].

Ju W, Ren L, Chen J, Du Y. Efficacy of relaxation therapy as an effective nursing intervention for post operative pain relief in patients undergoing abdominal surgery: A systematic review and meta analysis. Exp Ther Med. 2019;18(4):2909-16. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.7915 PMid:31555379 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.7915

Al‐Jubouri MB, Isam SR, Hussein SM, Machuca‐Contreras F. Recitation of Quran and music to reduce chemotherapy‐induced anxiety among adult patients with cancer: A clinical trial. Nurs Open. 2021;8(4):1606-14. https://doi.org/10.1002/nop2.781 PMid:33587831 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/nop2.781

Downloads

Published

2022-05-16

How to Cite

1.
Setiowati D, Maudina S, Jamaludin J, Rasdiyanah R. Psycho-Religious Therapy improving the Quality of Life of the Elderly in Nursing Homes. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 May 16 [cited 2023 Feb. 4];10(G):486-91. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/9186

Issue

Section

Nursing Informatics

Categories