Case Report Multiple Sclerosis


  • Ike Retno Yolanda Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Kiking Ritarwan Department of Neurology



Sclerosis multiple, Demyelinating, Dissemination in space, Dissemination in time


BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease in the form of chronic inflammation of the CNS. This disease is mediated by autoreactive lymphocytes that can cross the blood-brain barrier and thus enter the CNS and cause inflammation. Chronic demyelinating CNS lesions characterize multiple sclerosis, and immunity to myelin is involved. This disease predominantly attacks the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerve. The diagnosis of MS is made clinically, and there is no single definitive test for MS. The key to diagnosis is Dissemination in Space (DIS) and Dissemination in Time (DIT). Magnetic resonance imaging has become an essential part of the diagnosis of MS after clinical.

CASE REPORT: Here, we report a case of a 31 year-old woman with the main complaint of weakness of four extremities accompanied by a decreased vision and impaired urination and bowel movement. The patient was diagnosed with suspected MS.

CONCLUSION: The patient subsequently was treated with intravenous steroids and, on the routine follow-up found marked clinical improvement.


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How to Cite

Yolanda IR, Ritarwan K. Case Report Multiple Sclerosis. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 Mar. 25 [cited 2024 Jul. 24];10(T7):142-5. Available from:

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