Correlation of Body Shape Concern and Anxiety Severity among Sales Women in Medan

Authors

  • Elmeida Efffendy Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9382-3609
  • Sarah A. Mardhiyah Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Nabilah A. Hasanuddin Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Shela Gustirani Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2022.9247

Keywords:

Anxiety, Body shape, Body image

Abstract

Introduction: Body image was recognized as one of the major concerns of emerging adults as well as adolescents. The resulting dissatisfaction with body image has become a more universal phenomenon. Past research in body image has generally focused on women interested in the achievement of thin ideas. Some findings suggest that problems with body image may underlie at least some social anxiety 

Methods: A Cross Sectional study using 135 sales women was conducted by self-reported measures (questionnaire). Body image dissatisfaction was measured using Body shape questionnaire-34, anxiety score using Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale ( HADS). We use Kolmogorov Smirnov test to assess the normality of the data , and Pearson correlation test to assess the correlation between BSQ-34 and HADS. 

Results: The average age of our respondents were 23.57+5.657 and majority of them were graduated from high school (n=97, 72%) and are not married yet (n=109, 81%). Less than half admitted to have already worked for more than a year and we also found that most sales women in our study earned less than minimum standard wage a month (n=103, 76%). We found that all of our respondents showed BSQ-score of above 81 (82.14 + 4.530) indicating that all are slightly preoccupied with body shape concern. We also found that all respondents showed borderline anxiety score with average score of 8.20 + 3.256. Pearson correlation test showed that there is significant positive moderate strength correlation between body shape concern and anxiety severity (r = 0.413, p = 0.002). 

Discussion:  This study revealed a significant positive relationship between the body shape concern and anxiety among saleswoman; our hypothesis was confirmed. 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Plum Analytics Artifact Widget Block

References

Pawijit Y, Likhitsuwan W, Ludington J, Pisitsungkagarn K. Looks can be deceiving: Body image dissatisfaction relates to social anxiety through fear of negative evaluation. Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2019;31(4):31. https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0031 PMid:28682783 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0031

Han Z. Body image, social anxiety and psychological distress among young adults. Int Robot Autom J. 2018;4(2):567-71. https://doi.org/10.15406/iratj.2018.04.00102 DOI: https://doi.org/10.15406/iratj.2018.04.00102

Satghare P, Mahesh MV, Abdin E, Chong SA, Subramaniam M. The relative associations of body image dissatisfaction among psychiatric out-patients in Singapore. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019;16(24):5162. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16245162 PMid:31861178 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16245162

Derenne JL, Baker CW, Delinsky SS, Becker AE. Clinical ratings scales and assessment in eating disorders. In: Baer L, Blais MA, editors. Handbook of Clinical Rating Scales and Assessment in Psychiatry and Mental Health. New York: Humana Press; 2010. p. 153-60. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-59745-387-5_7

Wade T. Body shape questionnaire. In: Wade T, editor. Encyclopedia of Feeding and Eating Disorders. Singapore: Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.; 2016. p. 1-4. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-087-2_212-1

Rudy M, Widyadharma IP, Adnyana IM. Reliability Indonesian Version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) of Stroke Patients in Sanglah General Hospital Denpasar. Researh Gatee; 2015.

Kornapalli SE, Macharapu R, Kumar MV, Mallepalli PK, Babu RS, Graduate P. The relationship between body shape concern, self-esteem, social anxiety and body mass index in college students. Telangana J Psychiatry. 2017;3(2):78-84. https://doi.org/10.18231/2455-8559.2017.0019

Yazdani N, Hosseini SV, Amini M, Sobhani Z, Sharif F, Khazraei H. Relationship between body image and psychological well-being in patients with morbid obesity. Int J Community Based Nurs Midwifery. 2018;6(2):175-84. https://doi.org/10.30476/ijcbnm.2018.40825 PMid:29607346

Delfabbro PH, Winefield AH, Anderson S, Hammarström A, Winefield H. Body image and psychological well-being in adolescents: The relationship between gender and school type. J Genet Psychol. 2011;172(1):67-83. https://doi.org/10.1080/00 221325.2010.517812 PMid:21452753 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00221325.2010.517812

Husni HK, Indrijati H. The effect of social comparison on models in beauty advertisements on television on the body image of obese adolescent girls. J Psikol Pendidikan Perkembangan. 2014;3(3):207-12.

Hanum N, Riani ST. Pengaruh body dissatisfaction dan self-esteem dengan perilaku diet mahasiswi universitas “x” serta tinjauan dalam Islam. J Psikogene. 2014;2(2):180-90.

dan Pruzinsky C. Body Image: A Handbook of Theory, Research, and Clinical Practice. New York: The Guilford Press; 2002.

Kurniawati NW, Suarya LM. Anxiety picture of adolescent girls with excess weight. J Psikol Udayana. 2019;6(2):280. https://doi.org/10.24843/jpu.2019.v06.i02.p07 DOI: https://doi.org/10.24843/JPU.2019.v06.i02.p07

Downloads

Published

2022-03-25

How to Cite

1.
Efffendy E, Mardhiyah SA, Hasanuddin NA, Gustirani S. Correlation of Body Shape Concern and Anxiety Severity among Sales Women in Medan. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 Mar. 25 [cited 2024 Feb. 23];10(T7):146-9. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/9247

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>