Difference of Psychological Distress among First- and Third-year Indonesian Medical Students


  • Cut Rika Pratiwi Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Bahagia Loebis Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Vita Camellia Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Elmeida Effendy Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia




Psychological distress, Anxiety, Students, University


BACKGROUND: Psychological distress is an emotional response characterized by various psychological symptoms, including depression and anxiety. Among medical students, psychological distress may derive from surrounding environment. Adaptability in learning new things, competitive situation, social issues, educational demands, fatigue, lack of support, as well as insufficient resting time are known contributing factors to the occurrence of psychological distress. It has been known that psychological distress is common among medical students.

AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate the difference of psychological distress symptoms score among medical students in the 1st- and 3rd-year groups.

METHODS: This cross-sectional analytical study is a numerical comparative analysis involving 1st- and 3rd-year medical students of Universitas Sumatera Utara. 10 item Kessler Psychological Distress (K-10) questionnaire was used to assess psychological distress symptoms score. Comparison of psychological distress scores between first and third year medical students was carried out using independent t-test or Mann–Whitney.

RESULTS: Significant difference of psychological distress scores was found between the groups (p < 0.0010).

CONCLUSION: We found that 1st-year medical students exhibited more profound psychological distress compared to those in third year.


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How to Cite

Pratiwi CR, Loebis B, Camellia V, Effendy E. Difference of Psychological Distress among First- and Third-year Indonesian Medical Students. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 Mar. 25 [cited 2024 Jul. 21];10(T7):150-4. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/9251

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