Islamic Fasting Models but not Only Ramadan Improved Metabolic Parameter in High-Fat-High-Fructose-Induced Rats


  • Naufal Arif Ismail Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Islam Indonesia, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Miranti Dewi Pramaningtyas Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Islam Indonesia, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Titis Nurmasitoh Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Islam Indonesia, Yogyakarta, Indonesia



Intermittent fasting, Lipid profile, Metabolism, Ramadan fasting, Rats


BACKGROUND: Various types of Islamic fasting, apart from Ramadan fasting, have not been studied for their effects on health and metabolic processes.

AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of models of Ramadan, Dawood, and Monday-Thursday fasting on metabolic parameters in high-fat-high-fructose (HFHF)-induced rats.

METHODS: Wistar rats were subjected to normal diet control, HFHF diet alone, and modeling Islamic fastings such as Ramadan, Dawood, and Monday-Thursday fasting models, within a period of 29 days at night that HFHF previously induced for 2 weeks. Serum lipid profile, glucose, uric acid, aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) for liver function, and urea and creatinine for kidney function were assessed after HFHF induction (pre-test) and after fasting treatment (post-test).

RESULTS: HFHF administration for 2 weeks caused dyslipidemia and increased urea levels significantly. However, other parameters were impaired but not statistically significant. Islamic fasting models demonstrated a significantly improved lipid profile. However, glucose, uric acid, AST, ALT, urea, and creatinine improved after fasting treatment but were not statistically significant.

CONCLUSION: Islamic fasting models have a beneficial effect on improving metabolic parameters. Both Dawood and Monday-Thursday fastings can be considered to promote health and improve metabolic processes as well as Ramadan fasting.


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How to Cite

Ismail NA, Pramaningtyas MD, Nurmasitoh T. Islamic Fasting Models but not Only Ramadan Improved Metabolic Parameter in High-Fat-High-Fructose-Induced Rats. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 Apr. 8 [cited 2023 Mar. 22];10(A):793-9. Available from: