The Difference in Anxiety Scores Prior and After Cataract Surgery among Bilateral Senile Cataract Patients at Sumatera Eye Center Medan

Authors

  • Indah Vidayu Putri Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2210-4922
  • Elmeida Effendy Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Nazli Mahdinasari Nasution Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2022.9286

Keywords:

Anxiety, Cataract surgery, Hospital anxiety and depression scale-anxiety

Abstract

BACKGROUND: A cataract defines as a dense, cloudy area that forms in the lens of the eyes, altering one’s physical function, as well as social and psychological aspects. The only definitive treatment option for cataracts is surgery which may lead to anxiety either before the intervention, on intervention, or after the intervention.

AIM: This study is to investigate the difference in anxiety scores among bilateral senile cataract patients at Sumatera Eye Centre Medan before and after undergoing cataract surgery.

METHOD: This comparative analytical study was carried out using Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-Anxiety Subscale to assess anxiety symptoms experienced by 40 bilateral senile cataract patients. Measurement was taken twice, before the surgery ad after undergoing surgery.

RESULT: There is a significant difference in anxiety scores before and after undergoing surgery (p < 0.001).

CONCLUSION: There is a significant difference in anxiety scores before and after undergoing surgery among our subjects. We also found that anxiety is more likely to occur before the surgery.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Plum Analytics Artifact Widget Block

References

Widyawati S, Cataract. In: Sitorus RS, Widyawati S, Textbook of Ophtalmology. 1st ed. Indonesia: Badan Penerbit FK UI; 2017. p. 195-200.

Hapsari, Rahmawaty R, Dian B, Sihombing YP. Correlation between cataract surgery and anxiety levels in senile cataract patients. J Health Med Sci. 2019;2(4):429-33.

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Situasi Gangguan Penglihatan dan Kebutaan di Indonesia. Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementerian Kesehatan RI; 2014.

He M, Wang W, Huang W. Variations and trends in health burden of visual impairment due to cataract: A global analysis. Clin Epidemiol Res. 2017;58:4299-306. https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.17-21459

Yu JG, Ye T, Huang Q, Feng YF, Wang J, Fu XA, et al. Comparison between Subjective Sensations during First and Second Phacoemulsification Eye Surgeries in Patients with Bilateral Cataract. London, United Kingdom: Hindawi Publishing Corporation. 2016.

Jiang L, Zhang K, We H, Zhu X, Zhou P, Lu Y. Perceived Pain during Cataract Surgery with Topical Anesthesia: A Comparison between First-Eye and Second-Eye Surgery. London, United Kingdom: Hindawi Publishing Corporation; 2015.

Shi C, Yuan J, Zee B. Pain Perception of the First Eye versus the Second Eye during Phacoemulsification under Local Anesthesia for Patients Going through Cataract Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. London, United Kingdom: Hindawi Publishing Corporation; 2019.

Sadock BJ, Va Ruiz PS. Anxiety disorder. In: Sadock BJ, Sadock VA, editor. Kaplan and Sadock’s Synopsis of Psychiatry. 11th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer; 2015. p. 831-5.

Nijkamp MD, Kenens CA, Dijker AJ, Ruiter RA, Hiddema F, Nuijts RM. Determinants of surgery related anxiety in cataract patients. Br J Ophthalmol. 2004;88:1310-4. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjo.2003.037788 PMid:15377557

Coker AO, Balogun MM, Balogun BG, Adekoya BJ. Assessment of pra and pascaoperative psychiatric comorbidity among patients scheduled for elective cataract surgery in Lagos, Nigeria. Res J Health Sci. 2016;4(3):23-42.

Bjelland I, Dahl AA, Haug TT, Neckelmann D. The validity of the hospital anxiety and depression scale an pdated literature riview. J Psychosom Res. 2002;52:69-77. https://doi.org/10.1016/ s0022-3999(01)00296-3 PMid:11832252

Snaith RP. The hospital anxiety and depression scale. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2003;1:29. https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7525-1-29 PMid:12914662

Rudy M, Adnyana I, Widyadharma I. Reliability Indonesian Version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) of Stroke Patients in Sanglah General Hospital Denpasar; 2015.

Hussain A, Gulzar A, Mahmood N, Tariq A, Raja I. Levels and determinants of praoperative anxiety in patients scheduled for cataract surgery. Pak J Med Health Sci. 2019;23(4):950-2.

Ates S. Identifying factors affecting anxiety levels in the patients planned for cataract surgery: A crossectional study. Int J Caring Sci. 2019;12(2):639-48.

Liu YC, Wilkins M, Kim T, Malyugin B, Mehta JS. Cataracts. Lancet. 2017;390:600-12.

Ursea R, Matthew T, Feng, Zhou M, Lien V, Loeb R. Pain perception in sequential cataract surgery: Comparison of first and second procedures. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2011;37(6):1009-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrs.2011.01.020 PMid:21596244

Marback R, Temporini E, Kara N. Emotional factors prior to cataract surgery. Clinics. 2007;62(4):433-8. https://doi.org/10.1590/s1807-59322007000400010 PMid:17823706

Downloads

Published

2022-03-29

How to Cite

1.
Putri IV, Effendy E, Nasution NM. The Difference in Anxiety Scores Prior and After Cataract Surgery among Bilateral Senile Cataract Patients at Sumatera Eye Center Medan. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 Mar. 29 [cited 2022 Jul. 1];10(T7):1-4. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/9286

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 > >>