The Effect of Vitamin D Deficiency with Stunting and Overweight: A Meta-analysis Study


  • Isnani Nurhayati Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Mamba’ul Ulum Surakarta, Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Anas Rahmad Hidayat Politeknik Kesehatan Permata Indonesia Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Aris Widiyanto Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Mamba’ul Ulum Surakarta, Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Santy Irene Putri Midwifery Study Program, Universitas Tribhuwana Tunggadewi Malang, Malang, Indonesia
  • Joko Tri Atmojo Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Asruria Sani Fajriah Midwifery Study Program, Institut Ilmu Kesehatan STRADA, Kediri, East Java, Indonesia



Vitamin D deficiency, Stunting, Overweight


Background: Childhood malnutrition such as stunting and obesity is an international public health problem leading to an increased risk of mortality and morbidity. Vitamin D deficiency has also been identified as a worldwide public health issue that is associated with an increase in the prevalence of related-chronic diseases.

Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigating the relation between vitamin D deficiency with stunting and  overweight  among children.

Methods: This was a systematic review and meta analysis study used articles from online database of PubMed, which published in 2011 to 2021. The dependent variables was stunting and overweight. The independent variable was vitamin D deficiency. The data was analyzed by RevMan.

Results: Subjects with below-standard vitamin D levels in the body had 1.86 higher risk of experiencing stunting (OR = 1.86; 95% CI 0.90-3.84; p = 0.09) and 2.76 higher being overweight (OR = 2.76; 95% CI 0.96-7.99 ; p = 0.09) compared with those with normal vitamin D levels, this result was not statistically significant.

Conclusion: There is a relation between vitamin D deficiency with stunting and overweight among children under 18 years


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How to Cite

Nurhayati I, Hidayat AR, Widiyanto A, Putri SI, Atmojo JT, Fajriah AS. The Effect of Vitamin D Deficiency with Stunting and Overweight: A Meta-analysis Study. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 May 7 [cited 2023 May 29];10(F):391-6. Available from:



Meta-analytic Review Article


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