The Intervention Service Coverage on Convergence Action to Reduce Stunting in Riau Province Priority Districts, Indonesia
Keywords:Convergence action, Specific and sensitive intervention, Stunting
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of stunting in Riau, Indonesia based on the Indonesian Toddler Nutrition Status Survey in 2019 was 23.95%. Efforts to reduce the prevalence of stunting remain challenging to achieve the target of 18% by 2024. One of the pillars in efforts to reduce stunting is convergence action involving multi-stakeholders to ensure the service delivery interventions received by targeted 1000 days of early life households.
OBJECTIVE: This study objective was to describe the intervention service coverage on stunting convergence action to reduce stunting in Riau Province, Indonesia.
METHODS: The intervention service coverage was obtained from web monitoring convergence Action and Reporting System in 2020 and nutritional status was from the Electronic Community-Based Nutrition Recording. Data was taken from 10 priority districts. There were 11 specific interventions and 9 sensitive interventions were analyzed. The data were analysed descriptively by districts and type of intervention.
RESULTS: The specific and sensitive interventions implemented in 161 priority villages in 2021.The results of the study were 6.0% of 392,444 under-five aged children indicated stunting. The average coverage of specific interventions was 78.3% and sensitive intervention was 50.3%. In specific intervention, supplementary feeding for wasted child (92.4%) and chronic energy deficiency pregnant women (91.1%) were the only indicator that reached the set target. All sensitive intervention were not reached the target. Rokan Hulu (89.5%), Pekanbaru (88.0%), Kampar (84.4%), Pelawan (82.6%) districts had a high specific intervention. The highest sensitive intervention was in Rokan Hulu (74.6%). The budget from regional development for specific intervention was 28.2% and sensitive intervention was 71.8%.
CONCLUSION: The coverage service of sensitive intervention was lower than specific intervention. Only 2 out of 11 specific interventions coverage had reach the target and all of sensitive intervention coverage had not reach the target. The specific and sensitive intervention coverage was varied among priority district. The strengthening of interventions is required to increase coverage service delivery to the targeted household. The local government convergence action and increasing the role of the village authorities were the main keys in accelerating stunting reduction.
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