Exploring Challenges and Opportunities in Interprofessional Collaboration of Health Workers during COVID-19 Pandemic at the Public Health Center in Bantul Regency

Authors

  • Ari Susiana Wulandari Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Science, Alma Ata University, Kasihan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Eva Nurinda Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Science, Alma Ata University, Kasihan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2486-1505
  • Imram Radne Rimba Putri Department of Hospital Administration, Faculty of Health Science, Alma Ata University, Kasihan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8010-5547
  • Erni Samutri Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Science, University Alma Ata, Kasihan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3996-7775
  • Rahma Sakti Oktavia Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Science, Alma Ata University, Kasihan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Najla Firsty Shofia Ahmad Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Science, Alma Ata University, Kasihan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8719-8387
  • Vina Awallina Diroh Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Science, Alma Ata University, Kasihan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2022.9465

Keywords:

Interprofessional collaboration, Health worker, Challenges, COVID-19, Public health center

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic is of special concern in all parts of the world, including Indonesia. The number of active cases also continues to increase in most provinces in Indonesia, especially in the Special Region of Yogyakarta. This condition requires health workers to collaborate well in suppressing and handling COVID-19 patients.

AIM: The aims of this study were to find out how collaboration occurs between health workers in handling COVID-19. This study identifies opportunities and challenges for Interprofessional Collaboration (IPC) health workers at the Primary Health Center of Bantul Regency.

METHODS: The design of this study was a cross-sectional study. We used the purposive sampling method to recruit participants. This study was followed by 200 participants who were health workers at the Primary Health Center in Bantul Regency. We used a questionnaire as the instrument. The questionnaire consists of four dimensions of IPC such as knowledge, collaboration, service, and the role of a pharmacist. The data obtained were statistically analyzed using Chi-square and Spearman.

RESULTS: The result showed that IPC health worker at Health Primary Center of Bantul was categorized as good (45%). However, IPC at the Health Primary Center is still not optimal. There were top three obstacles in collaborating, namely, lack of time, perception of complicated bureaucracy, and lack of trust from health workers about their knowledge and skill.Based on spearman test p-value for age, gender, education level, years of service, occupation were 0.764; 0,732; 0.808; 0.189; 0.582; 0.746. This result showed that the sociodemographic characteristics of the participants did not significantly affect the IPC (P>0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: The main key in practicing IPC was building a good work team, good communication and relationship, responsibility for each other’s, keep learning from each other and being critical, and maintaining the ethics of each profession. Thus, effective and efficient collaboration will be established.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Plum Analytics Artifact Widget Block

References

Lai CC, Shih TP, Ko WC, Tang HJ, Hsueh PR. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19): The epidemic and the challenges. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2020;55(3):105924. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2020.105924 PMid:32081636

Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Situasi COVID-19; 2020. Available from: https://www.kemkes.go.id/index.php [Last accessed on 2021 Feb 17].

Humas DI. Yogyakarta Tanggap COVID-19; 2020. Available from: https://www.corona.jogjaprov.go.id [Last accessed on 2021 Feb 17].

Harefa EI. Peningkatan interprofessional collaboration dalam menjalankan program keselamatan pasien. INA-Rxiv. 2019. https://doi.org/10.31227/osf.io/bguzt.

World Health Organization. Framework for Action on Interprofessional Education and Collaborative Practice (No. WHO/ HRH/HPN/10.3). Geneva: World Health Organization; 2010.

Bakhtiar R, Duma K, Aminudin M. Implementation of interprofessional collaboration on type 2 diabetes mellitus services at medical education facilities. Husada Mahakam J Kesehatan. 2020;10(2):132-44. http://doi.org/10.35963/hmjk.v10i2.241

Susilaningsih FS, Mukhlas M, Utarini A. Nurse-physician collaborative practice in interdisciplinary model of patient care. J Manajemen Pelayanan Kesehatan. 2011;14(2):92-8.

Pamungkasari EP, Parwatiningsih SA. The influence of perceptions about professional identity on interprofessional attitudes for collaboration of health workers at health centers. Smart Med J. 2020;2(2):104. https://doi.org/10.13057/smj.v2i2.35199

Mawarni E, Dachriyanus D, Maisa EA, Al Fajri J. Knowledge description of inter-professional collaboration on professional care providers at special hospitals in Jambi province: A study. J Ilmiah Univ Batanghari Jambi. 2019;19(2):416-20. http://doi.org/10.33087/jiubj.v19i2.676

Saputra M, Arsyi M, Nurhanifah N, Octavia SN, Pratomo H. Evaluation of guidelines for rapid medical and public health handling on coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Indonesia. J Ilmiah Ilmu Keperawatan Indones. 2020;10(2):8-17. https://doi.org/10.33221/jiiki.v10i02.590

Kimalaha N, Mahfud M, Anggraini AN. Knowledge and workload of nurses related to completeness of documentation of nursing care in internal medicine and surgery wards. Indones J Hosp Adm. 2019;1(2):79-88. http://doi.org/10.21927/ijhaa.2018.1(2).79-88

Putri IR, Rosa EM. Analysis of nurse work motivation in the inpatient room of PKU Muhammadiyah hospital Yogyakarta unit II. J Ners Kebidanan Indones. 2015;3(2):82-90. http://doi.org/10.21927/jnki.2015.3(2).82-90

Femi F, Sunartini S, Widyandana W, Sedyowinarso M. Perception and acceptance of interprofessional collaborative practice in maternity sector in health workers. Univ Gadjah Mada Fakul Kedokteran J Kedokteran Indones. 2015;4(1):28-36.

Setiadi A, Wibowo Y, Herawati F, Irawati S, Setiawan E, Presley B, et al. Factors contributing to interprofessional collaboration in Indonesia health Centres: A focus group study. J Interprof Educ Pract. 2017;8:69-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.xjep.2017.06.002

Reni A, Yudianto K, Somantri I. Effectiveness of communication implementation in collaboration between nurses and doctors in the inpatient room of Sumedang general hospital. J Univ Padjajaran. 2010;12(1):36.

Schot E, Tummers L, Noordegraaf M. Working on working together. A systematic review on how healthcare professionals contribute to interprofessional collaboration. J Interprof Care. 2020;34(3):332-42. https://doi.org/10.1080/13561820.2019.1636007 PMid:31329469

Samutri E, Budiarti GA. Continuum of Promoting Interprofessional Education in Nursing Students. Yogyakarta: The First Asia-Pasific Partnership on Health and Nutrition Improvement (APHNI) Conference; 2019. p. 126-34.

Downloads

Published

2022-01-03

How to Cite

1.
Wulandari AS, Nurinda E, Putri IRR, Samutri E, Oktavia RS, Ahmad NFS, Diroh VA. Exploring Challenges and Opportunities in Interprofessional Collaboration of Health Workers during COVID-19 Pandemic at the Public Health Center in Bantul Regency. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 Jan. 3 [cited 2022 Dec. 9];10(T8):30-4. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/9465

Most read articles by the same author(s)