Factor Related the Use of Respiratory Supports among COVID-19 Patients in Sardjito Hospital Yogyakarta: A Cross-sectional Study
Keywords:COVID-19, Ventilation supports, Respiratory failure
BACKGROUND: In patients with coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19), respiratory failure is a serious condition that requires immediate respiratory supports. Various clinical conditions can be determinant factors to the need for used of ventilators.
AIM: The aim of the study was to determine factor related to the used of ventilators among COVID-19 patients transferred to intensive care unit Sardjito Hospital.
METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, a total of 171 of 300 medical records selected in accordance to the inclusion criteria. Association of each clinical characteristics and outcome variable used contingency coefficient and Spearman rank tests, while multivariate logistic regression model was performed for hypothesis testing. The area under curve (AUC) was test to determine model fit of the logistic approach.
RESULTS: There was a significant correlation between age (p = 0.004), blood sugar levels (p < 0.001), and oxygen saturation (p < 0.001), and the used of ventilator. Patients with hypoxia and severe hypoxia had odds of using ventilation supports 5 times and 114 times (OR = 5.623) and (OR = 114.3). The AUC test indicated that null hypothesis was rejected.CONCLUSION: The clinical characteristics were associated with age, blood sugar levels, and oxygen saturation. Patients with COVID-19 who admitted to hospital with hypoxia and severe hypoxia increased the odds of the use ventilators.
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