Stunting Prevention Program of West Sumbawa Regency Health Office: A Qualitative Study in West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia

Authors

  • Samsur Rizal Department of Hospital Administration, Faculty of Health Science, Alma Ata University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Sumarni Sumarni Department of Hospital Administration, Faculty of Health Science, Alma Ata University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Arif Sabta Aji Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Science, Alma Ata University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Fatma Siti Fatimah Department of Hospital Administration, Faculty of Health Science, Alma Ata University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Raden Jaka Sarwadhamana Department of Hospital Administration, Faculty of Health Science, Alma Ata University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2022.9496

Keywords:

Stunting, Prevention, Stunting reduction, West Sumbawa

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Indonesia has included stunting in one of the Sustainable Development Goals targets. Stunting is a chronic undernutrition status during growth and development since early life which is caused by multidimensional factors. Prevalence of stunting rate in West Nusa Tenggara (NTB) remains high.

AIM: This study aimed to determine the implementing process to stunting prevention program in West Sumbawa’s Public Health Office, NTB Province, Indonesia.

METHODS: This was qualitative research design using case studies where the researcher carefully investigated a program, event, activity, process, or group of individuals. The population in this study were all staff of the West Sumbawa’s public health office, health facilities, and pregnant women in West Sumbawa Regency (KSB), NTB with purposive sampling. The data analysis was thematic analysis with the Colaizzi method.

RESULTS: Stunting Prevention Programs in 2019, there were 11 priority programs that were approved by the Government and Regional Apparatus Organization outpatient department of KSB, five priority programs for the locus stunting in Maluk district and 10 recommendation programs through the APBDes in KSB, and the flagship program in KSB was the Hearth. Based on local food (Kelor), the implementation of two programs from five priority programs in Mantun Village did not successful like optimizing parenting classes and alert village forums had less success as the inhibiting factors being the lack of participation of community human resources. The achievement of stunting prevalence reduction in KSB in 2018–2020 decreasing from 32.6% to 12.3% in NTB Province.

CONCLUSION: Program launched by West Sumbawa’s Public Health Office in 2019 has been running and implemented with several important notes related to community participation and monitoring from agencies related to the program that has been launched by the government KSB.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Plum Analytics Artifact Widget Block

References

World Health Organization. Stunting in a Nutshell. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2018.

The Global Nutrition Report. The Global Nutrition Report Classifies this Country as Experiencing Two Forms of Malnutrition-anaemia and Stunting; 2018. Available from: https://www.globalnutritionreport.org. [Last accessed on 2021 Sep 01].

The Indonesian Ministry of Health. Percentage of Indonesian Stunting 2013-2018. Indonesia: The Indonesian Ministry of Health; 2018.

BAPPENAS. National Mid-term Development Plan 2020-2024. Jakarta, Indonesia: BAPPENAS; 2020. p. 90-101.

BAPPENAS and UNICEF. SDG Baseline Report on Children in Indonesia. Ministry of National Development Planning and United Nations Child Fund July 2017. Jakarta, Indonesia: BAPPENAS and UNICEF; 2017. p. 1-105.

Sugiyono S. Quantitative, Qualitative, and R and D Educational Research Methods. Bandung: Alfabeta; 2011. p. 137.

Creswell JW. Fawaid A, editor. Research Design Approach Research is Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed. Yogyakarta: Learning Library; 2009.

Notoatmojo S. Health Research Methodology. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta; 2012.

NTB Provincial Government. NTB Develops 4 Strategies to Overcome Stunting. 2020. p. 1. Available from: https://www.ntbprov.go.id/post/ntb-kembangkan-4-strategi-atasi-stunting [Last accessed on 2021 Sep 01].

Mitra M. Stunting problems and interventions to prevent stunting (a literature review). J Community Health. 2015;2(5):85.

Paramashanti BA, Paratmanitya Y, Marsiswati M. Individual dietary diversity is strongly associated with stunting in infants and young children. J Gizi Klinik Indones. 2017;14(1):19-26.

Coordinating Ministry for Human Development and Culture. Jakarta: Government Administration; 2018. p. 1-51.

Paramashanti BA, Hadi H, Gunawan IM. Exclusive breastfeeding practice was not related with stunting in young children 6-23 months in Indonesia. Indones J Nutr Dietetics. 2016;3(3):162-74.

Downloads

Published

2022-01-02

How to Cite

1.
Rizal S, Sumarni S, Aji AS, Fatimah FS, Sarwadhamana RJ. Stunting Prevention Program of West Sumbawa Regency Health Office: A Qualitative Study in West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 Jan. 2 [cited 2022 Dec. 9];10(T8):211-4. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/9496

Most read articles by the same author(s)