The Effectiveness of Red Betel Leaf and Cinnamon Oil for Antibacterial and Anti-inflammatory in Perineal Tears: A Scoping Review

Authors

  • Ratih Devi Alfiana Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Health Science, Universitas Alma Ata, Yogyakarta 55183, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5019-2173
  • Sundari Mulyaningsih Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Health Science, Universitas Alma Ata, Yogyakarta 55183, Indonesia
  • Emelda Emelda Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Science, Universitas Alma Ata, Yogyakarta 55183, Indonesia
  • Dyah Pradnya Paramita Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Health Science, Universitas Alma Ata, Yogyakarta 55183, Indonesia
  • Amanah Rahma Delia Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Health Science, Universitas Alma Ata, Yogyakarta 55183, Indonesia
  • Shofi Salsabila Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Science, Universitas Alma Ata, Yogyakarta 55183, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2022.9497

Keywords:

Red betel leaf, Cinnamon oil, Anti-inflammatory, Antibacterial, Perineal tears

Abstract

BACKGROUND: A tear in the perineum experienced by postpartum women can occur due to an episiotomy process or a spontaneous tear. This cloak, in addition to causing curiosity, can also cause infection if not treated or treated appropriately. Based on several research results, the current treatment for perineal tears is the administration of antiseptic, anti-pain, and antibiotics orally or topically. Several Indonesian herbal plants can be used to accelerate the healing of torn wounds in the perineum due to the ability of these plants as antibacterial and anti-inflammatory. These plants include red betel leaf and cinnamon oil.

AIM: The objective of the study was to review the literature from research results that discuss the activity of red betel leaf and cinnamon oil as antibacterial and anti-inflammatory both orally and topically.

SEARCH METHOD: Searching for articles through databases on Google Scholar, in the past years, that is, 2008–2021.

INCLUSION: Review articles involving research on experimental animals with in vitro and in vivo activity tests using the Completely Randomized Design method.

RESULTS: As well as, 12 relevant articles showed that both red betel leaf and cinnamon oil were tested in vitro and in vivo, showing that these two plants effectively act as antibacterial and anti-inflammatory.

CONCLUSION: Two herbal plants red betel leaf and cinnamon oil have the potential to treat and accelerate the healing of perineal tears through their antibacterial and anti-inflammatory activities.

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References

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Published

2022-01-03

How to Cite

1.
Alfiana RD, Mulyaningsih S, Emelda E, Paramita DP, Delia AR, Salsabila S. The Effectiveness of Red Betel Leaf and Cinnamon Oil for Antibacterial and Anti-inflammatory in Perineal Tears: A Scoping Review. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 Jan. 3 [cited 2022 May 21];10(T8):102-7. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/9497