A Qualitative Study: Mothers’ Experience in the Management of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus during and after Pregnancy in Yogyakarta, Indonesia


  • Claudia Banowati Subarto Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Health Sciences, Alma Ata University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia; Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas ‘Aisyiyah, Yogyakarta, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1475-6859
  • Mika Matsuzaki Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7020-3757
  • Michelle Estrade Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3972-3471
  • Samantha Sundemeir Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States
  • Mohammad Hakimi Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Yuli Isnaeni Department of Community Nursing, Universitas ‘Aisyiyah, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Hamam Hadi Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, Alma Ata University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Yulinda Kurniasari Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, Alma Ata University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Siti Fatimah Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, Alma Ata University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1160-3929
  • Linda Yulyani Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Health Sciences, Alma Ata University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6921-753X
  • Indah Wijayanti Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Health Sciences, Alma Ata University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia




Gestational Diabetes, Pregnancy, Post-Partum, Social Support, Qualitative Research


Background: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) incidence is related to maternal and child health risks, such as pre-eclampsia, premature births, and the development of type 2 diabetes at 5-10 years after pregnancy. The adaptation process of women with GDM is complicated and requires a series of treatments and behavior changes over a short period. The psychological support of families and healthcare professionals is indispensable in achieving GDM management success. 

Objectives: This research aimed to explore Indonesian mothers' experiences in GDM management and support during and after pregnancy 

Methods: The design of research implemented qualitative approaches, phenomenology, and the homogenous purposive technique to recruit 12 participants. In-depth interviews were carried out with each participant using face to face. Interviews were recorded, verbatim transcribed, and analyzed thematically by Collaizi. 

Results:  Five themes emerged: responses to GDM diagnosis; GDM management during pregnancy; obstacles in GDM management; support for GDM management; and post-natal self-management. Adherence to diet and exercise recommendations is difficult for some participants, although they have a good understanding of GDM. Feeling the fetus's movement of and surrendering to God become forms of psychological support and motivation in the management of gestational diabetes mellitus. 

Conclusions:  The barriers and facilitators for GDM management identified here are multidimensional and may help facilitate health workers to more effectively support women with GDM in overcoming the perceived obstacles so that they can still feel a safe and comfortable during pregnancy with minimum risk.  


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How to Cite

Subarto CB, Matsuzaki M, Estrade M, Sundemeir S, Hakimi M, Isnaeni Y, Hadi H, Kurniasari Y, Fatimah S, Yulyani L, Wijayanti I. A Qualitative Study: Mothers’ Experience in the Management of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus during and after Pregnancy in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 Jan. 3 [cited 2023 May 28];10(T8):180-7. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/9500

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