A Web-Based Education Program to Empower Family in Smoking Prevention among Adolescents in Indonesia: A Randomized Controlled Trial


  • Muhammad Hafizurrachman Department of Public Health, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Indonesia Maju, Jakarta, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9874-7270




Web-based intervention, Adolescent, Smoking prevention, Family empowerment


BACKGROUND: Stronger family connections, communications, and parental respect reduce smoking initiation. Web-based computer-tailored smoking prevention programs may help decrease smoking initiation rates among adolescents. However, there is currently no conclusive evidence regarding the efficacy of a web-based, computer-tailored smoking prevention program to empower families in adolescent smoking prevention.

AIM: This study aimed to investigate the effects of web-based education program to empower family, improve skill to refuse, and prevent smoking initiation among adolescent in Indonesia.

METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was employed on family members in Bogor, West Java, Indonesia. The following criteria were the mother or legal guardian of children aged 10 to 14 years who are not currently smoking. Data were collected 3 times: One week before the start of the training (baseline), immediately after intervention (T1), and three months after the training concluded (T2).

RESULTS: 77 participants completed the study, 37 in the intervention group and 40 in the control group. The average age in this sample of the family (mother) was 37.34 (SD:7.51) years in the intervention group and 11.75 (SD:6.81) for the control group. From baseline to follow-up, family empowerment, smoking refusal skill, and smoking intention increased 38%, 24%, and 33%, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: A web-based education program appears to be a suitable catalyst for empowering family and smoking prevention among adolescents. It should be regarded as a valuable and supportive addition to existing and future programs.


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How to Cite

Hafizurrachman M. A Web-Based Education Program to Empower Family in Smoking Prevention among Adolescents in Indonesia: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 Jul. 5 [cited 2024 Jul. 23];10(G):701-6. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/9682



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