Association between Illness Perception and Anxiety Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Pilot Study


  • Bayu Fandhi Achmad Department of Basic and Emergency Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Sri Setiyarini Department of Basic and Emergency Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Sutono Sutono Department of Basic and Emergency Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Frida Rasyid School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Akbar Satria Fitriawan Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Respati Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia image/svg+xml
  • Raisa Farida Kafil Department of Anesthesiology Nursing, Faculty of Health Science, Universitas Aisyiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia



acute coronary syndrome, anxiety, illness perception, percutaneous coronary intervention


BACKGROUND: Patients’ illness perceptions are thought to be associated with anxiety undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS).

AIM: This study aimed to determine the association between illness perception and anxiety undergoing PCI in patients with ACS.

METHODS: This study used a cross-sectional design and enrolled 50 hospitalized patients with ACS who underwent elective PCI between December 2019 and March 2020. The study instruments were the Brief-Illness Perception Questionnaire to evaluate illness perception and the Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale to evaluate patients’ anxiety. Statistical analysis was performed using the Pearson correlation test with significance set as p < 0.05.

RESULTS: This study showed that 56% of respondents had positive perceptions toward their disease. The majority of respondents (94%) also indicated a low level of anxiety undergoing PCI. The Pearson correlation test results revealed a significant association between illness perception and the level of anxiety undergoing PCI in patients with ACS (p = 0.043; r = 0.287).

CONCLUSION: There is a significant association between illness perception and anxiety undergoing PCI in patients with ACS. The positive perceptions led to lower patients’ anxiety, and vice versa.


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How to Cite

Achmad BF, Setiyarini S, Sutono S, Rasyid F, Fitriawan AS, Kafil RF. Association between Illness Perception and Anxiety Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Pilot Study. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2023 Jan. 1 [cited 2024 Jun. 19];11(G):105-10. Available from:



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