Association between Illness Perception and Anxiety Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Pilot Study

Authors

  • Bayu Fandhi Achmad Department of Basic and Emergency Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5924-9802
  • Sri Setiyarini Department of Basic and Emergency Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Sutono Sutono Department of Basic and Emergency Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Frida Rasyid School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Akbar Satria Fitriawan Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Respati Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia image/svg+xml https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3475-7717
  • Raisa Farida Kafil Department of Anesthesiology Nursing, Faculty of Health Science, Universitas Aisyiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2023.9745

Keywords:

acute coronary syndrome, anxiety, illness perception, percutaneous coronary intervention

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Patients’ illness perceptions are thought to be associated with anxiety undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS).

AIM: This study aimed to determine the association between illness perception and anxiety undergoing PCI in patients with ACS.

METHODS: This study used a cross-sectional design and enrolled 50 hospitalized patients with ACS who underwent elective PCI between December 2019 and March 2020. The study instruments were the Brief-Illness Perception Questionnaire to evaluate illness perception and the Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale to evaluate patients’ anxiety. Statistical analysis was performed using the Pearson correlation test with significance set as p < 0.05.

RESULTS: This study showed that 56% of respondents had positive perceptions toward their disease. The majority of respondents (94%) also indicated a low level of anxiety undergoing PCI. The Pearson correlation test results revealed a significant association between illness perception and the level of anxiety undergoing PCI in patients with ACS (p = 0.043; r = 0.287).

CONCLUSION: There is a significant association between illness perception and anxiety undergoing PCI in patients with ACS. The positive perceptions led to lower patients’ anxiety, and vice versa.

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Published

2023-01-01

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1.
Achmad BF, Setiyarini S, Sutono S, Rasyid F, Fitriawan AS, Kafil RF. Association between Illness Perception and Anxiety Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Pilot Study. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2023 Jan. 1 [cited 2024 Jun. 19];11(G):105-10. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/9745

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Nursing in Internal Medicine

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