Aortic Root Enlargement or Sutureless Valve Implantation?
Keywords:perceval aortic valve, sutureless valves, small aortic root, patient-prosthesis mishmach, aortic root enlargement
Aortic valve replacement (AVR) in patients with a small aortic annulus is a challenging issue. The importance of prosthesisâ€“patient mismatch (PPM) post aortic valve replacement (AVR) is controversial but has to be avoided. Many studies support the fact that PPM has a negative impact on short and long term survival. In order to avoid PPM, aortic root enlargement may be performed. Alternatively and keeping in mind that often some comorbidities are present in old patients with small aortic root, the Perceval S suturelles valve implantation could be a perfect solution. The Perceval sutureless bioprosthesis provides reasonable hemodynamic performance avoiding the PPM and providing the maximum of aortic orifice area. We would like to see in the near future the role of the aortic root enlargement techniques in the era of surgical implantation of the sutureless valve (SAVR) and the transcatheter valve implantation (TAVI).
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