Influence of Early Intensive Rehabilitation on Functional Mobility after Low Back Surgery

Authors

  • Tsvetelina Bizheva National Sports Academy “V. Levski”, Sofia, Bulgaria
  • Daniela Lubenova National Sports Academy “V. Levski”, Sofia, Bulgaria
  • Ivan Maznev National Sports Academy “V. Levski”, Sofia, Bulgaria
  • Kristin Grigorova-Petrova National Sports Academy “V. Levski”, Sofia, Bulgaria
  • Antoaneta Dimitrova National Sports Academy “V. Levski”, Sofia, Bulgaria
  • Danche Vasileva Goce Delchev University Faculty of Medical Sciences 2000 Shtip, Republic of Macedonia
  • Milena Nikolova National Sports Academy “V. Levski”, Sofia, Bulgaria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2016.121

Keywords:

Rehabilitation, Functional Mobility, Surgery, Postoperative period, Educational booklet, Physical therapy

Abstract

AIM: The research aims to determine the influence of early goal-oriented physical therapy program in combination with educational booklet and standard physical therapy without written instructions on functional mobility outcomes in patients after low back surgery.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty patients with similar functional impairments were randomly divided into two groups, a control group (СG n = 10) and an experimental group (EG n = 20). The outcome measures include time to move from lying to sitting position, the TUG test and the 6-meter walk test. Rehabilitation program includes daily physical therapy with mild to moderate intensity, achieving sitting position and education sessions how to perform activities of daily living (ADL) from the first day after surgery.

RESULTS: There was a significant improvement from baseline in two groups for all performed tests (p < 0.001). Statistical significant differences between two groups for transfers in bed on discharge (p < 0.05), in one month (p < 0.01) and for TUG in one month (p < 0.05) were found.

CONCLUSION: The study revealed that early rehabilitation program consists of therapeutic exercises and written educational booklet after low back surgery improves transfer abilities and basic activities in one month.

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Author Biographies

Tsvetelina Bizheva, National Sports Academy “V. Levski”, Sofia, Bulgaria

Department of Kinesitherapy and Rehabilitation

Daniela Lubenova, National Sports Academy “V. Levski”, Sofia, Bulgaria

Department of Kinesitherapy and Rehabilitation

Ivan Maznev, National Sports Academy “V. Levski”, Sofia, Bulgaria

Department of Sports Medicine

Kristin Grigorova-Petrova, National Sports Academy “V. Levski”, Sofia, Bulgaria

Department of Kinesitherapy and Rehabilitation

Antoaneta Dimitrova, National Sports Academy “V. Levski”, Sofia, Bulgaria

Department of Kinesitherapy and Rehabilitation

Danche Vasileva, Goce Delchev University Faculty of Medical Sciences 2000 Shtip, Republic of Macedonia

Faculty of Medical Sciences

Milena Nikolova, National Sports Academy “V. Levski”, Sofia, Bulgaria

Department of Kinesitherapy and Rehabilitation

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Published

2016-12-03

How to Cite

1.
Bizheva T, Lubenova D, Maznev I, Grigorova-Petrova K, Dimitrova A, Vasileva D, Nikolova M. Influence of Early Intensive Rehabilitation on Functional Mobility after Low Back Surgery. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2016 Dec. 3 [cited 2022 Aug. 13];4(4):661-4. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2016.121

Issue

Section

B - Clinical Sciences

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