The Success of Dental Veneers According To Preparation Design and Material Type


  • Yousef Alothman King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
  • Maryam Saleh Bamasoud Alfarabi Colleges, School of Dentistry, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia



laminate veneers, anterior teeth, restorative procedure, survival rate of dental veneers


BACKGROUND: Due to their high aesthetic outcome and long-term predictability, laminate veneers have become a common restorative procedure for anterior teeth. However, because of the variety in the preparation designs and the material types, the clinician faces a dilemma of which approach to use.

AIM: To compare the survival rate of dental veneers according to different preparation designs and different material types. The sub-aim is to reach a favourable preparation design and material based on scientific evidence.

METHODS: Comprehensive electronic search of the dental literature via PUBMED, MEDLINE and Scopus databases was performed using the following keywords: “porcelain veneersâ€, “composite veneersâ€, “all-ceramic veneersâ€, “success of porcelain veneersâ€, “preparation designâ€, “preparation geometryâ€, “patient’s satisfactionâ€. Additionally, references from the selected studies and reviews were searched for more information.

RESULTS: Under the limitations of the available literature, the clinician preference is the decisive factor for choosing the preparation design. Nonetheless, incisal overlap preparation seems to have the most predictable outcome from all the preparation designs.

CONCLUSION: Porcelain veneers show excellent aesthetic results and predictable longevity of the treatment, while composite veneers can be considered as a good conservative option, but with less durability.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...

Plum Analytics Artifact Widget Block


Calamia J. The etched porcelain veneer technique. The New York state dental journal. 1988; 54(7): 48. PMid:3050646

RCSE. National Clinical Guidelines 1997. GTA, Editor. England, 1997.

Ferrari M, Patroni S, Balleri P. Measurement of enamel thickness in relation to reduction for etched laminate veneers. The International journal of periodontics & restorative dentistry. 1991; 12(5): 407-413.

Tjan AH, Dunn JR, Sanderson IR. Microleakage patterns of porcelain and castable ceramic laminate veneers. The Journal of prosthetic dentistry. 1989; 61(3): 276-282.

Hui K, et al. A comparative assessment of the strengths of porcelain veneers for incisor teeth dependent on their design characteristics. British dental journal. 1991; 171(2): 51-55. PMid:1873094

Sheets CG, Taniguchi T. Advantages and limitations in the use of porcelain veneer restorations. The Journal of prosthetic dentistry. 1990; 64(4): 406-411.

Layton DM, Walton TR. The up to 21-year clinical outcome and survival of feldspathic porcelain veneers: accounting for clustering. The International journal of prosthodontics. 2012; 25(6): 604-612. PMid:23101040

Johnson WW. Use of laminate veneers in pediatric dentistry: present status and future developments. Pediatr Dent. 1982; 4(1): 32-7. PMid:6757880

McLaughlin G. Porcelain fused to tooth--a new esthetic and reconstructive modality. The Compendium of continuing education in dentistry. 1984; 5(5): 430-435. PMid:6388991

Faunce F, Faunce A. The use of laminate veneers for restoration of fractured or discolored teeth. Texas dental journal. 1975; 93(8): 6-7. PMid:1065053

Toh C, Setcos J, Weinstein A. Indirect dental laminate veneers—an overview. Journal of dentistry. 1987; 15(3):117-124.

Calamia JR. Etched porcelain facial veneers: a new treatment modality based on scientific and clinical evidence. The New York journal of dentistry. 1982; 53(6): 255-259.

Horn H. A new lamination: porcelain bonded to enamel. The New York state dental journal. 1983; 49(6): 401. PMid:6350953

Castelnuovo J, et al. Fracture load and mode of failure of ceramic veneers with different preparations. The Journal of prosthetic dentistry. 2000; 83(2): 171-180.

Clyde J, Gilmour A. Porcelain veneers: a preliminary review. British dental journal. 1988; 164(1): 9. PMid:3276348

Stappert CF, et al. Longevity and failure load of ceramic veneers with different preparation designs after exposure to masticatory simulation. The Journal of prosthetic dentistry 2005; 94(2):132-139. PMid:16046967

Walls A, Steele J, Wassell R. Crowns and other extra-coronal restorations: porcelain laminate veneers. British dental journal. 2002; 193(2):73-82. PMid:12199127

Peumans M, et al. Porcelain veneers: a review of the literature. Journal of dentistry. 2000; 28(3):163-177.

Friedman M. Multiple potential of etched porcelain laminate veneers. The Journal of the American Dental Association. 1987; 115: 83E-87E.

Rufenacht CR, Berger RP. Fundamentals of esthetics. first ed. Quintessence Chicago, 1990.

Gilmour A, Stone D. Porcelain laminate veneers: a clinical success? Dental update. 1993; 20(4):167-9, 171-3. PMid:8405617

King DG. Methods and materials for porcelain veneers. Current opinion in cosmetic dentistry. 1994: 45-50.

Lin T, et al. Fracture resistance and marginal discrepancy of porcelain laminate veneers influenced by preparation design and restorative material in vitro. Journal of dentistry. 2012; 40(3):202-209. PMid:22198195

Gribble A. Multiple diastema management: an interdisciplinary approach. Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry. 1994; 6(3): 97-102.

Rouse JS. Full veneer versus traditional veneer preparation: a discussion of interproximal extension. The Journal of prosthetic dentistry. 1997; 78(6): 545-549.

Highton R, Caputo AA. A photoelastic study of stresses on porcelain laminate preparations. The Journal of prosthetic dentistry. 1987; 58(2):157-161.

Troedson M, Dérand T. Effect of margin design, cement polymerization, and angle of loading on stress in porcelain veneers. The Journal of prosthetic dentistry. 1999; 82(5): 518-524.

Zarone F, et al. Influence of tooth preparation design on the stress distribution in maxillary central incisors restored by means of alumina porcelain veneers: a 3D-finite element analysis. Dental materials. 2005; 21(12): 1178-1188. PMid:16098574

Carlsson GE. Bite force and chewing efficiency. Frontiers of oral physiology. 1973; 1: 265-292.

Hahn P, Gustav M, Hellwig E. An in vitro assessment of the strength of porcelain veneers dependent on tooth preparation. Journal of oral rehabilitation. 2000; 27(12):1024-1029. PMid:11251771

Schmidt KK, et al. Influence of preparation design and existing condition of tooth structure on load to failure of ceramic laminate veneers. The Journal of prosthetic dentistry. 2011; 105(6):374-382.

Alghazzawi TF, et al. The failure load of CAD/CAM generated zirconia and glass-ceramic laminate veneers with different preparation designs. The Journal of prosthetic dentistry. 2012; 108(6):386-393.

Font AF, et al. Choice of ceramic for use in treatments with porcelain laminate veneers. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2006; 11: E297-302.

Nicholls J. Tensile bond of resin cements to porcelain veneers. The Journal of prosthetic dentistry. 1988; 60(4): 443-447.

Stacey GD. A shear stress analysis of the bonding of porcelain veneers to enamel. The Journal of prosthetic dentistry. 1993; 70(5):395-402.

Plant C, Thomas G. Porcelain facings: a simple clinical and laboratory method. British dental journal. 1987; 163(7):231-234. PMid:3314944

Yen T-W, Blackman RB, Baez RJ. Effect of acid etching on the flexural strength of a feldspathic porcelain and a castable glass ceramic. The Journal of prosthetic dentistry. 1993; 70(3):224-233.

Nalbandian S, Millar B. The effect of veneers on cosmetic improvement. British Dental Journal. 2009; 207(2): E3-E3. PMid:19629085

Rasetto FH, Driscoll CF, Fraunhofer JA. Effect of light source and time on the polymerization of resin cement through ceramic veneers. Journal of Prosthodontics. 2001; 10(3):133-139. PMid:11641840

Andreasen FM, et al. Treatment of crown fractured incisors with laminate veneer restorations. An experimental study. Dental Traumatology. 1992; 8(1):30-35.

Stokes A, Hood J. Impact fracture characteristics of intact and crowned human central incisors. Journal of oral rehabilitation. 1993; 20(1): 89-95. PMid:8429427

Kihn PW, Barnes DM. The clinical longevity of porcelain veneers: a 48-month clinical evaluation. The Journal of the American Dental Association. 1998; 129(6): 747-752.

Peumans M, et al. Five-year clinical performance of porcelain veneers. Quintessence international (Berlin, Germany: 1985). 1998; 29(4): 211-221.

Rucker LM, et al. Porcelain and resin veneers clinically evaluated: 2-year results. The Journal of the American Dental Association. 1990; 121(5):594-596. PMid:2229737

Dunne S, Millar B. A longitudinal study of the clinical performance of porcelain veneers. British dental journal. 1993; 175(9):317-321. PMid:8251248

Shaini F, Shortall A, Marquis P. Clinical performance of porcelain laminate veneers. A retrospective evaluation over a period of 6.5 years. Journal of oral rehabilitation. 1997; 24(8):553-559. PMid:9291247

Beier US, et al. Clinical performance of porcelain laminate veneers for up to 20 years. The International journal of prosthodontics. 2011; 25(1):79-85.

Smales RJ, Etemadi S. Long-term survival of porcelain laminate veneers using two preparation designs: a retrospective study. The International journal of prosthodontics. 2003; 17(3):323-326.

Burke F, Lucarotti P. Ten-year outcome of porcelain laminate veneers placed within the general dental services in England and Wales. Journal of dentistry. 2009; 37(1): 31-38. PMid:18538912

Perdigão J, Geraldeli S. Bonding characteristics of self-etching adhesives to intact versus prepared enamel. Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry. 2003; 15(1):32-41. PMid:12638771

Bonsor S, Pearson G. A Clinical Guide to Applied Dental Materials. 1st ed. Churchill Livingstone, 2012.

Van Noort R. Introduction to Dental Materials 4th ed. Elsevier Health Sciences, 2013.

Garber D. Direct composite veneers versus etched porcelain laminate veneers. Dental clinics of North America. 1989; 33(2):301-304. PMid:2656322

Wolff D, et al. Recontouring teeth and closing diastemas with direct composite buildups: a clinical evaluation of survival and quality parameters. Journal of dentistry. 2010; 38(12):1001-1009. PMid:20826192

Wakiaga JM, et al. Direct versus indirect veneer restorations for intrinsic dental stains. The Cochrane Library, 2004.

Lacy AM, et al. Effect of porcelain surface treatment on the bond to composite. The Journal of prosthetic dentistry. 1988; 60(3):288-291.

Lu R, et al. An investigation of the composite resin/porcelain interface. Australian dental journal. 1992; 37(1):12-19. PMid:1567289

Reeh ES, Ross GK. Tooth stiffness with composite veneers: a strain gauge and finite element evaluation. Dental Materials. 1994; 10(4):247-252.

Peumans M, et al. The 5-year clinical performance of direct composite additions to correct tooth form and position. Clinical oral investigations. 1997; 1(1):12-18. PMid:9552812

Gresnigt MM, Kalk W, Özcan M. Randomized controlled split-mouth clinical trial of direct laminate veneers with two micro-hybrid resin composites. Journal of dentistry. 2012; 40(9):766-775. PMid:22664565

Meijering A, et al. Survival of three types of veneer restorations in a clinical trial: a 2.5-year interim evaluation. Journal of dentistry. 1998; 26(7):563-568.

Dumfahrt H, Schäffer H. Porcelain laminate veneers. A retrospective evaluation after 1 to 10 years of service: Part II--Clinical results. The International journal of prosthodontics. 2000; 13(1): 9. PMid:11203615

Magne P, et al. Clinical performance of novel-design porcelain veneers for the recovery of coronal volume and length. The International journal of periodontics & restorative dentistry. 2000; 20(5):440-457.

Chen J-H, et al. Clinical evaluation of 546 tetracycline-stained teeth treated with porcelain laminate veneers. Journal of dentistry. 2005; 33(1):3-8. PMid:15652162

Granell R, et al. A clinical longitudinal study 323 porcelain laminate veneers. Period of study from 3 to 11 years. Population. 2010; 3: 12.

Christensen GJ, Christensen RP. Clinical Observations of Porcelain Veneers: A Threeâ€Year Report. Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry. 1991; 3(5):174-179.

Meijering A, et al. Patients' satisfaction with different types of veneer restorations. Journal of dentistry. 1997; 25(6):493-497.



How to Cite

Alothman Y, Bamasoud MS. The Success of Dental Veneers According To Preparation Design and Material Type. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2018 Dec. 14 [cited 2024 Jul. 21];6(12):2402-8. Available from:



Dental Science - Review