Maternal Mortality and Maternal Health Care in Nigeria: Implications for Socio-Economic Development


  • Olawale Olonade Covenant University, Nigeria
  • Tomike I. Olawande Covenant University, Nigeria
  • Oluwatobi Joseph Alabi Department of Sociology, University of Johannesburg, Auckland Park, South Africa
  • David Imhonopi Covenant University, Nigeria



Maternal mortality, Morbidity; Health care, Development, Reproductive lifecycle


BACKGROUND: Even though maternal mortality, which is a pregnancy-related death is preventable, it has continued to increase in many nations of the world, especially in the African countries of the sub-Saharan regions caused by factors which include a low level of socioeconomic development.

AIM: This paper focuses on cogent issues affecting maternal mortality by unpacking its precipitating factors and examining the maternal health care system in Nigeria.

METHODS: Contemporary works of literature were reviewed, and the functionalist perspective served as a theoretical guide to examine the interrelated functions of several sectors of the society to the outcome of maternal mortality.

RESULTS: It was noted that apart from the medical related causes (direct and indirect) of maternal mortality, certain socio-cultural and socioeconomic factors influence the outcome of pregnancy. Also, a poor health care system, which is a consequent of weak social structure, is a contributing factor.

CONCLUSION: As a result, maternal mortality has debilitating effects on the socioeconomic development of any nation. It is therefore pertinent for the government to improve maternal health and eradicate poverty to ensure sustainable development.


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How to Cite

Olonade O, Olawande TI, Alabi OJ, Imhonopi D. Maternal Mortality and Maternal Health Care in Nigeria: Implications for Socio-Economic Development. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2019 Mar. 16 [cited 2021 Jul. 31];7(5):849-55. Available from:



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