Unusual Splitting of Medial Cord of the Right Brachial Plexus and Its Relation to the Axillary Artery and Subscapular Artery: A Case Report

Authors

  • Adegbenro Omotuyi John Fakoya Department of Anatomy, University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis
  • Emilio Aguinaldo University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis
  • Natalia M. Velasco-Nieves University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis
  • Zachary T. Vandeveer University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis
  • Nannette Morales-Marrietti University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis
  • Shannon Matthew University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis
  • Abayomi Gbolahan Afolabi Department of Anatomy, University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis
  • Thomas McCracken Department of Anatomy, University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2019.561

Keywords:

Brachial Plexus, Medial Cord, Axiallary artery, Subscapular artery

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Variations in human anatomy have been associated with numerous clinical correlations that may affect patient care. In this article, we present a unique variation of the medial cord of the brachial plexus about the axillary artery and subscapular artery. The precise assessment of this unique morphology was performed during a cadaveric dissection.
CASE PRESENTATION: Contrary to the general course of the medial cord of the brachial plexus, this report demonstrates a rare splitting of the medial cord around the axillary artery and a second abnormal communication between the posterior and medial cords that show a “nutcracker-like†syndrome involving the subscapular artery.
CONCLUSION: Such variations could make surgeries challenging. We also infer that these anatomical variations could make gliding therapy inefficient in any motor dysfunction initiating from the brachial plexus.

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Author Biographies

Adegbenro Omotuyi John Fakoya, Department of Anatomy, University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis

 

 

Emilio Aguinaldo, University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis

 

 

Zachary T. Vandeveer, University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis

 

 

 

Shannon Matthew, University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis

 

 

Published

2019-07-07

How to Cite

1.
Fakoya AOJ, Aguinaldo E, Velasco-Nieves NM, Vandeveer ZT, Morales-Marrietti N, Matthew S, Afolabi AG, McCracken T. Unusual Splitting of Medial Cord of the Right Brachial Plexus and Its Relation to the Axillary Artery and Subscapular Artery: A Case Report. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2019 Jul. 7 [cited 2022 Aug. 13];7(12):2006-9. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2019.561

Issue

Section

C- Case Reports

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