Sexual Inviolability of Minors in Central Kazakhstan: A Forensic Medical Analysis
Keywords:Forensic medical examination, Sexual violence, Central Kazakhstan, Children, Minors
Child sexual abuse is a social phenomenon that requires special attention from society, as it leads to the suffering of the most vulnerable part of the world's population. Child sexual abuse around the world not only persists, but also continues to grow, despite the active measures of the world community against it. Taking into account the high latency of crimes against sexual inviolability and sexual freedom of the person, measures for their detection and prevention are of particular relevance. All this requires constant monitoring of the current situation not only in the world or in the country, but also in each region of the country separately. Forensic medical examination of victims of sexual violence plays an important role in the analysis of the situation on this problem, not only in the legal, but also in the medical aspect.
Research aim: Analysis of quantitative and qualitative indicators of crimes against the sexual inviolability of minors on the territory of Central Kazakhstan for the formation of indicators for assessing the current situation in the region and recommendations for the prevention of these types of crimes.
Methods A retrospective analysis of the situation on the number and structure of sexual crimes committed against children from 2018 to 2021 was carried out, and their dynamics was studied. There were investigated 1252 forensic medical examinations on cases of sexual crimes against the sexual inviolability of the person on the territory of Central Kazakhstan. Methods of applied statistical analysis were used to analyz obtained results.
A detailed analysis made it possible to assess the structure and peculiarities of sexual crimes committed against children on the territory of Central Kazakhstan over the specified period of time. The number of sexual crimes against minors in the region is increasing every year. Statistically significant age characteristics of victims and specific indicators characterizing the socio-psychological aspects of sexual crimes in the region were revealed. It has been established that in most cases the aggressor is part of the victim's family or is very close to it. The analysis of the age structure of children showed that boys from 6 to 14 years old and girls over 14 are more likely to become victims. In the studied territory, the number of sexual harassment of children is more often committed by one person, often known to them, and in most cases occurs in enclosed spaces than on the street.
The progressive growth of crimes against the sexual inviolability of children in the region requires strengthening measures to improve legal means of countering sexual crimes against minors. A detailed study of the issue made it possible to identify lacks (organizational, tactical, diagnostic) and give the forensic medical examination of sexual conditions a qualitatively new level. The strategy of combating sexual crimes against minors should be based on active preventive work.
Key words: forensic medical examination, sexual violence, Central Kazakhstan, children, minors.
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