Gender as Individual Risk Factor for Elderly Abuse: Findings from First National Prevalence Study in Macedonia


  • Marijana Markovik Institute for Sociological, Political and Juridical Research, Ss Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje, Skopje
  • Dimitrinka Jordanova Peshevska World Health Organization, Country Office Skopje



elder abuse, elder neglect, gender, risk factor, Republic of Macedonia.


BACKGROUND:  National prevalence study of elderly abuse in Macedonia intended to explore prevalence and risk factors of elder abuse and neglect.  This paper is focused on influence of the gender as individual risk factor, according to ecological model, on elderly abuse and neglect.

METHODS: Culturally validated questionnaire and Geriatric Depression scale was used for data collection. Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) test, was used for sample selection. Cutting score was 20. The research was conducted through face-to-face interviews on the sample of 960 respondents aged 65 and over.

RESULTS:  Evidenced were 32% abused and neglected from representative sample, living in private households, 19% of abused was female. In Macedonian study women are 1.6 times often victims of abuse than man. Only female respondents reported sexual abuse.

CONCLUSION: Being female is risk factor for being exposed on any type of abuse and neglect, excluding financial abuse.


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How to Cite

Markovik M, Jordanova Peshevska D. Gender as Individual Risk Factor for Elderly Abuse: Findings from First National Prevalence Study in Macedonia. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2014 Jun. 15 [cited 2022 Aug. 14];2(2):373-8. Available from:



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