Nutrition Status Related to Clinical Improvement in AFB-Positive Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients in Primary Health Centres in Medan, Indonesia

Authors

  • Dina Keumala Sari Nutrition Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Juli Yosa Mega Tropical Medicine Program, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Juliandi Harahap

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2019.338

Keywords:

Tuberculosis, Body mass Index, Albumin, Sputum Conversion, Indonesia

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major public issue in Indonesia, including in North Sumatra province. Despite reported good efficacy of TB treatment in the region, the success of treatment depends on many factors, including nutritional status.

AIM: To determine the relationship between Body Mass Index and Albumin level with sputum conversion in AFB-positive pulmonary TB patients.

METHODS: The study was done in two primary health centres in Medan between October and November 2018. A total of 39 newly diagnosed TB patients with confirmed AFB-positive were included in the study. Participants received TB treatment according to the national guidelines.

RESULTS: The proportion of participants with below normal, normal and above normal BMI status were 13 (33.3%), 21 (53.9%) and 5 (12.8%), respectively. Level of albumin was determined as normal in 25 participants (64.1%), and the remaining as low. Normal BMI status was significantly associated with increased albumin level (p < 0.05). At 2 months follow-up, the sputum conversion was observed in 24 individuals (61.5%), and the conversion was significantly associated with normal BMI and/or normal albumin level (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSION: We concluded that nutritional status is an important factor in the success of TB treatment.

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Published

2019-05-28

How to Cite

1.
Sari DK, Mega JY, Harahap J. Nutrition Status Related to Clinical Improvement in AFB-Positive Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients in Primary Health Centres in Medan, Indonesia. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2019 May 28 [cited 2024 Jul. 24];7(10):1621-7. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2019.338

Issue

Section

B - Clinical Sciences

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