Prevalence of Sleep Disorders in Adolescents and its Relation with Screen Time during the COVID-19 Pandemic Era

Authors

  • I Gusti Ayu Trisna Windiani Department of Child Health, School of Medicine, Universitas Udayana, Sanglah Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
  • Ni Made Reditya Noviyani Department of Child Health, School of Medicine, Universitas Udayana, Sanglah Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
  • I. Gusti Agung Ngurah Sugitha Adnyana Department of Child Health, School of Medicine, Universitas Udayana, Sanglah Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
  • Ni Luh Sukma Pratiwi Murti Department of Child Health, School of Medicine, Universitas Udayana, Sanglah Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
  • Soetjiningsih Soetjiningsih Department of Child Health, School of Medicine, Universitas Udayana, Sanglah Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2021.5974

Keywords:

Prevalence, Sleep disorder, Screen time, Adolescent, COVID-19

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders encompass disturbances in the amount, quality, or timing of sleep. Several factors have contributed to sleep disorders in adolescents, including the use of electronic devices. In the COVID-19 pandemic era, there is a rising trend of screen time.

AIM: The objective of the study was to identify the prevalence of sleep disorders in adolescents and its relation with screen time during the COVID-19 pandemic era.

METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study involving students aged 15–18 years at three State High School, Denpasar, and Santo Yoseph Senior High School, Denpasar, in August 2020, using purposive sampling method. Data collections on characteristics of the subjects and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) were performed using Google Forms. Statistical analysis was performed using Chi-square test.

RESULTS: A total of 243 students participated in this study, of which 39 students were excluded due to chronic diseases and consumption of caffeine within 6 h before bedtime. Sleep disorder was found in 30.4% of subjects and mostly characterized by sleep duration of <8 h (62.9%). Analysis of the association between screen time and sleep disorders showed a significant result (PR = 3.8, 95%CI = 1.09–13.1, p = 0.02).

CONCLUSION: The prevalence of sleep disorders in adolescents is considerably high. There is an association between screen time and sleep disorders that occur in adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic era.

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Published

2021-05-14

How to Cite

1.
Windiani IGAT, Noviyani NMR, Adnyana IGANS, Murti NLSP, Soetjiningsih S. Prevalence of Sleep Disorders in Adolescents and its Relation with Screen Time during the COVID-19 Pandemic Era. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2021 May 14 [cited 2021 Oct. 19];9(B):297-300. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/5974

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