Outer Ear Infections in Iran: A Review

Authors

  • Keyvan Kiakojuri Department of Ear, Nose, and Throat, School of Medicine, Roohani Hospital, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
  • Mojtaba Taghizadeh Armaki Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center, Health Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran; Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
  • Ramazan Rajabnia Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center, Health Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran; Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
  • Abazar Pournajaf Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center, Health Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran; Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
  • Mohsen Karami Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center, Health Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran; Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
  • Aynaz Khademian Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
  • Saeid Mahdavi Omran Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center, Health Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran; Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2019.176

Keywords:

Outer Ear, Fungal infection, Bacterial infection, Bacterial-fungal infections

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Otitis externa is the fungal and bacterial infection of the outer ear.

AIM: We aimed to investigate the published papers about the outer ear infections in Iran and suggest standardised investigations and treatments.

METHODS: We used different electronic databases like PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Iranmedex, Google Scholar, and Magiran with specific keywords.

RESULTS: We obtained forty published full-text articles for review of data. Our results indicated the women were more infected than men. The ages of patients were < 1-81 years. As clinically symptoms, itching and Feel the ear fairy were the most common presenting complaints in most cases. Most infections were the pure bacterial and fungal origin, respectively. However, some of the studies were mixed fungal-bacterial infections — Pseudomonas spp. And Aspergillus niger were the most common bacteria and fungi isolates respectively in Iranian patents.

CONCLUSION: Fungal and bacterial specific cultures may be recommended, and anti-fungal drugs may be added, to treatment regimens in patients with otitis externa to reduce the clinical symptoms.

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Published

2019-04-13

How to Cite

1.
Kiakojuri K, Taghizadeh Armaki M, Rajabnia R, Pournajaf A, Karami M, Khademian A, Omran SM. Outer Ear Infections in Iran: A Review. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2019 Apr. 13 [cited 2024 Jul. 23];7(7):1233-40. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2019.176

Issue

Section

F - Review Articles

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