Evaluation of Phacoemulsification Cataract Surgery Outcomes After Penetrating Keratoplasty
Keywords:Complicated Cataract, Corneal graft, Penetrating Keratoplasty, Phacoemulsification
BACKGROUND: Cataract is one of the reasons which causes impaired visual acuity (VA) of the eyes after penetrating keratoplasy (PK), which can be treated by cataract surgery after PK or triple procedure. Cataract surgery after PK has advantages that parameters of the eyes such as axial length, anterior chamber depth (ACD) as well as corneal curvature are stabilized after removing all sutures postoperatively, and intraocular lens (IOL) power can be calculated correctly. Therefore, postoperative VA will be improved significantly. In Vietnam, there have not been any study about cataract surgery after PK, therefore we conduct this research.
AIM: To evaluate the outcomes of phacoemulsification cataract surgery following primary PK.
METHODS: Non-randomized controlled intervention study. Ninteen eyes (19 patients) that underwent phacoemulsification plus IOL insertion after initial PK in Cornea department, Vietnam National Institute of Ophthalmology, from December 2013 to September 2014.
RESULTS: All patients presented with reduced VA, including 17 eyes (89.9%) with VA â‰¤ 20/200, mean astigmatism was 7.9 Â± 1.0 D. Clear corneal grafts in 16 eyes while corneal opacity was seen in 3 eyes. All eyes with cataract were diagnosed from grade 2. After cataract surgery, improved VA > 20/200 was achieved in 72.22% of cases. There was a markable reduce of postoperative astigmatism with 1,8 Â± 0.8 D (p < 0.05). However, the immunologic graft reaction was presented in one eye, and two edematous corneas also reported after cataract surgery. After treatment, there was one cornea achieved its clarity.
CONCLUSION: Phacoemulsification cataract surgery following initial PK showed good outcomes with improved postoperative VA, reduced astigmatism, and the ultimate graft survival rate was high.
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Copyright (c) 2019 Le Xuan Cung , Do Thi Thuy Hang, Nguyen Xuan Hiep, Do Quyet, Than Van Thai, Vu Thi Nga, Toi Chu Dinh, Nguyen Duy Bac, Dinh Ngan Nguyen (Author)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.