Penetrating Keratoplasty for Keratoconus in Vietnamese Patients

Authors

  • Le Xuan Cung Vietnam National Institute of Ophthalmology, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Duong Mai Nga Vietnam National Institute of Ophthalmology, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Nguyen Dinh Ngan Vietnam Military Medical University (VMMU), Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Nguyen Xuan Hiep Vietnam National Institute of Ophthalmology, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Do Quyet Vietnam Military Medical University (VMMU), Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Than Van Thai NTT Hi-tech Institute, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
  • Vu Thi Nga Institute for Research and Development, Duy Tan University, 03 Quang Trung, Danang, Vietnam
  • Toi Chu Dinh Department of Human and Animal Physiology, Faculty of Biology, Hanoi National University of Education, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Nguyen Duy Bac Vietnam Military Medical University (VMMU), Hanoi, Vietnam

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2019.376

Keywords:

Keratoconus, Penetrating keratoplasty, Donor-recipient disparity

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Keratoconus is an ectatic corneal disorder that can impair the visual acuity. Up to now, penetrating keratoplasty (PK) remains the most common surgical procedure to treat severe keratoconus. In Vietnam, most keratoconus patients come to visit doctor at severe stage and were treated by PK, so we conduct this study.

AIM: To evaluate the results of PK for keratoconus in Vietnamese patients.

METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 31 eyes with keratoconus who underwent PK in VNIO from January 2005 to December 2014.

RESULTS: The average visual acuity was 0.86 ± 0.37 logMAR (20/145). In the group of patients without amblyopia, best spectacle-corrected visual acuity of 20/60 or better was recorded in 75.9% of eyes and 93.1% of eyes achieved a best corrected visual acuity with hard contact lenses of 20/40 or better. Mean postoperative corneal power was 43.8 ± 4.5D. Mean corneal astigmatism was 5.9 ± 2.7D. 94.6% of grafts remained clear. Posterior subcapsular cataract developed in 22.6% of eyes. Graft rejection was recognized in 12.9% of eyes.

CONCLUSION: PK is an effective procedure with high rate of graft survival for keratoconus patients. However, patients should be aware of the necessary of optical correction to gain the best VA after surgery.

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Published

2019-12-20

How to Cite

1.
Cung LX, Nga DM, Ngan ND, Hiep NX, Quyet D, Thai TV, Nga VT, Chu Dinh T, Bac ND. Penetrating Keratoplasty for Keratoconus in Vietnamese Patients. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2019 Dec. 20 [cited 2024 Jul. 21];7(24):4287-91. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2019.376

Issue

Section

Basic and Clinical Medical Researches in Vietnam

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