Screening of Antimicrobial and Adhesive Activity of Lactobacilli Isolated from the National Food Products from Different Districts of the Karaganda Region (Kazakhstan)

Authors

  • Zhanerke Amirkhanova Department of Physiology, Buketov Karaganda University, Karaganda, Kazakhstan https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5487-3574
  • Saule Akhmetova Department of Biomedicine, Karaganda Medical University, Karaganda, Kazakhstan
  • Samat Kozhakhmetov Laboratory of Human Microbiome and Longevity “National Laboratory Astana”, Nazarbayev University, Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan; Innovative Center ArtScience, Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9668-0327
  • Almagul Kushugulova Laboratory of Human Microbiome and Longevity “National Laboratory Astana”, Nazarbayev University, Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9479-0899
  • Rakhat Bodeeva Department of Physiology, Buketov Karaganda University, Karaganda, Kazakhstan
  • Zauresh Issina School of Dentistry, Karaganda Medical University, Karaganda, Kazakhstan
  • Marat Tusbayev School of Dentistry, Karaganda Medical University, Karaganda, Kazakhstan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2021.7053

Keywords:

Lactobacilli isolates, Antimicrobial activity, Adhesion, Traditional national lactic acid products, Matrix supported laser desorption/ionization flight time mass spectrometry

Abstract

BACKGROUND: It is a national priority to look for new probiotic bacteria with highly active biological properties to create a new generation of probiotics, ferments, therapeutic, and prophylactic fermented milk products, taking into account ethnocultural and regional characteristics.

AIM: The aim of the study is to assess probiotic properties of strains of lactobacilli (antimicrobial and adhesive), which are isolated from national lactic acid products from different districts of the Karaganda region (Kazakhstan).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: There were modern microbiological methods applied during the experiment. To determine the morpho-cultural properties, the following methods were used: Gram staining, a catalase test, serial dilutions. The Matrix Supported Laser Desorption/Ionization Flight Time Mass Spectrometry was used for identification, and the deferred-antagonism method was used to determine the antimicrobial activity. The buccal epithelial cells were used for the cell object as a test system to determine the adhesive activity.

RESULTS: In this experiment, 26 lactobacillus isolates were isolated from 68 samples of national lactic acid products produced in a traditional homemade way in different districts of the Karaganda region (Kazakhstan). As a result of the studies carried out on the cultural and morphological characteristics and identification by the mass spectrometer, the following lactobacilli were obtained: Lactobacillus acidophilus (two strains), Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricum (two strains), Lactobacillus rhamnosus (seven strains), Lactobacillus plantarum (two strains), Lactobacillus paracasei (11 strains), and Lactobacillus fermentum (two strains). Twenty-six isolates of lactobacilli were tested for antimicrobial activity, 13 isolates of which showed an inhibitory effect, but the degree of antagonism varied among lactobacillus isolates. In general, the inhibitory activity of lactobacillus isolates was shown against the Gram-negative indicator microorganisms Salmonella typhimurium NCTC 12023, Escherichia coli NCTC 12923. The antibacterial activity was shown against the Staphylococcus aureus NCTC 12973 indicator microorganism in nine isolates of lactobacilli. Only six isolates of lactobacilli showed antifungal activity against the test strain of Candida albicans NCPF 3179. Out of 13 isolates of lactobacilli, nine isolates of medium and high activity competed for binding to buccal epithelial cells.

CONCLUSION: The obtained isolates from traditional dairy products are considered to be promising candidates and competitive isolates with some probiotic potential. This study calls for further researches to be made in this area.

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Published

2021-09-24

How to Cite

1.
Amirkhanova Z, Akhmetova S, Kozhakhmetov S, Kushugulova A, Bodeeva R, Issina Z, Tusbayev M. Screening of Antimicrobial and Adhesive Activity of Lactobacilli Isolated from the National Food Products from Different Districts of the Karaganda Region (Kazakhstan). Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2021 Sep. 24 [cited 2024 Apr. 21];9(A):827-32. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/7053

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