Public Health Aspects of Human Brucellosis in the Republic of Macedonia
Keywords:Zoonosis, human brucellosis, public health problem.
Background: The Republic of Macedonia is an endemic area where brucellosis is a dominant zoonosis with high morbidity and enormous economic loss.
Aim: To determine the incidence rate, prevalence rate and development tendency of infected people with brucellosis in R. Macedonia in the period from 01.01.1999 to 31.12.2009, to register and analyse the epidemiological characteristics of the infected with brucellosis according to gender, age and regional distribution.
Materials and methods: The data about the infected people with brucellosis were taken from the register of individual cases as well as monthly and annual reports for infectious diseases prepared by the Institute for Public Health of Republic of Macedonia.
Results:Â According to the survey the highest number of incidence of human brucellosis in R. Macedonia was found in 2008, 23.94/100,000 people, and the lowest number of infected people was in 2009, about 13.99/100,000 people. Human brucellosis has a decreasing tendency.Conclusion: Human brucellosis remains a public health problem in Republic of Macedonia.
Dames S, Tonnerre C, Saint S, Jones SR. Don't know much about history. N Engl J Med. 2005; 352:2338â€“2342.
Zaharija, I. Zarazne bolesti domaÄ‡ih Å¾ivotinja. Zagreb: Å kolska knjiga, 1978; 561-575.
Institute for Public Health of the Republic of Macedonia. http://www.iph.mk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=138%3A2008-2009&catid=41%3Afrontcategory&lang=en. Accessed: April 30, 2010.
Karadzinska-Bislimovska J, Minov J, Mijakoski D, Stoleski S, Todorov S. Brucellosis as an Occupational Disease in the Republic of Macedonia. Maced J Med Sci. 2010; 3(3):251-256.
Taleski V, Zerva L, Kantardjiev T, Cvetnic Z, Erski-Biljic M, Nikolovski B, et al. An overview of the epidemiology and epizootology of brucellosis in selected countries of Central and Southeast Europe. Vet Microbiol. 2002; 90:147-155.
Kirandziski T, Nikolovska G, Nakova E, Smilenovska B, Strojmanovska B, Naletoski I, et al. Brucellosis control in small ruminants in the Republic of Macedonia. Prilozi. 2010; 31(1):181-190.
Donev D, Karadzovski Z, Kasapinov B, Lazarevik V. Epidemiological and public health aspects of brucellosis in the Republic of Macedonia. Prilozi. 2010; 31(1):33-54.
Nikolovski B, Karadzovski Z, Kostovska J. 30 Years of Brucellosis in the Republic of Macedonia: Experience with its Prevalence, Prevention and Control. Maced J Med Sci. 2010; 3(3):263-267.
Kisman M, Donev D, Kisman A. International Standards and Strategies for the Surveillance, Prevention and Control of Brucellosis. Maced J Med Sci. 2010; 3(3):273-277.
Zarema ObradoviÄ‡, Ramiz VeliÄ‡. Epidemiological Characteristics of Brucellosis in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Croat Med J. 2010; 51: 345-350.
Radovan ÄŒekanac, Jovan MladenoviÄ‡, Elizabeta RistanoviÄ‡, SrÄ‘an LaziÄ‡. Epidemiological Characteristics of Brucellosis in Serbia, 1980-2008. Croat Med J. 2010; 51: 337-344.
Mersinaj K, Bino S, Crilly J. A review of brucellosis control in Albania. Book of abstracts of MetaNET Project Thematic Scientific Conference. Brucelossis in SEE and Mediterranean Region. Struga: Republic of Macedonia, 2009.
Jelastopulu E, Bikas C, Petropoulos C, Leotsinidis M. Incidence of human brucellosis in a rural area in Western Greece after the implementation of a vaccination programme against animal brucellosis. BMC Public Health. 2008; 8:241-246.
The Community Summary Report on Trends and Sources of Zoonoses, Zoonotic Agents and food-borne outbreaks in the European Union in 2008. The EFSA Journal. 2010; 1496.
Bosilkovski M, Krteva Lj, Dimzova M, Vidinic I, Sopova Z, Spasovska K. Human Brucellosis in Macedonia â€“ 10 Years of Clinical Experience in Endemic Region. Croat Med J. 2010; 51: 327-336.
How to Cite
All rights reserved.