O Blood Group as Risk Factor for Preeclampsia among Sudanese Women


  • Abdelmageed Elmugabil Faculty of Medicine, El Imam El Mahdi University, Kosti
  • Duria A. Rayis Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Khartoum
  • Mohamed A. Ahmed Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Khartoum
  • Ishag Adam Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Khartoum
  • Gasim I. Gasim Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Alneelain University, Khartoum




Preeclampsia, blood groups, Sudan, pregnancy


AIM: To investigate blood groups and the other possible risk factors for preeclampsia among Sudanese women.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A case – control study was conducted at Saad Abualila Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan during the period of July 2013 through December 2014. The cases were women with preeclampsia and healthy pregnant women were the controls.

RESULTS: Two hundred eighty pregnant women were enrolled (140 in each arm of the study). Around one-quarter of all women (280) were primiparae (74.0, 26.4%), the majority were housewives (201, 71.7%). Seventy-nine (28.2%) were illiterate or had no informal education. Around half of the women (130, 46.4%) had O blood group. Binary logistic regression showed association between preeclampsia and lack of antenatal care (OR = 2.75, 95% CI = 1.172─6.494, P = 0.020) as well as O blood group (OR = 1.78, 95% CI = 1.088─2.934, P=0.022).

CONCLUSION: The current study showed that women with blood group O were at higher risk of preeclampsia.


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Author Biography

Ishag Adam, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Khartoum

Faculty of Medicine, Univeristy of Khartoum


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How to Cite

Elmugabil A, Rayis DA, Ahmed MA, Adam I, Gasim GI. O Blood Group as Risk Factor for Preeclampsia among Sudanese Women. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2016 Sep. 24 [cited 2021 Sep. 20];4(4):603-6. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2016.108



B - Clinical Sciences

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