The Alcmaeonâ€™s School of Croton: Philosophy and Science
Keywords:Pre-Hippocratic medicine, Pithagorism, Encephalocentric theory, Human development, Empirical research
Among the first physicians and physiologists at the pre-Hippocratic medicine with contradictions and oscillating doctrines was Alcmaeon from Croton in the 6th century BC. For many, he shared as the father of scientific medicine. Unfortunately, we have only eighteen texts written for him and only five fragments of texts written by him. This saved extracts and testimonies they refer mostly to physiology, epistemology and psychology. Was born in the city of Croton (ÎšÏÏŒÏ„Ï‰Î½) in Magna Graecia (southern Italy) was a reference point for the activity of physicians and philosophers over the years. Furthermore, Herodotus tells us about the excellent practice quality of the physicians, â€œcompared to all the others known in that periodâ€, among which Alcmaeon. But Croton is also famous as the centre of thought and activity of the philosopher Pythagoras of Samos (Î Ï…Î¸Î±Î³ÏŒÏÎ±Ï‚ á½ Î£Î¬Î¼Î¹Î¿Ï‚, 580-500 BC) through his Pythagorean school around 530 BC.
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Copyright (c) 2019 Luigi Santacroce, Ioannis Alexandros Charitos, Skender Topi, Lucrezia Bottalico
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